Archaeometric study of 17th/18th century painted pottery from the Belgrade Fortress
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Wright, Victoria J.
Article (Published version)
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The chemical and mineralogical composition of ceramic bodies, glazes and pigments, as well as the firing temperatures of main groups of Austrian period painted pottery excavated at the Belgrade Fortress on the territory of Serbia, two groups of Malhornware and one group of Anabaptist faience, were determined by a combination of powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and micro-Raman spectroscopy. Investigated pottery was uncovered in the same archaeological context and dated the end of 17th/first decade of 18th century. The obtained mineralogical and chemical composition shows the similarities between the Malhornware groups that indicate a similar production technology. Use of calcareous clay fired at temperatures in the range 850-900 degrees C indicates a different production technology for the Anabaptists faience. The compositional data treatment by multivariate statistical analysis reveals heterogene...ity in the Anabaptist faience group of samples, suggesting potential interactions between the local potters and the Anabaptist communities.
Keywords:Powder X-ray diffraction / Pottery / Multivariate statistical analysis / FTIR spectroscopy / EDXRF spectroscopy / Austrian period
Source:Journal of Cultural Heritage, 2018, 32, 9-21
- Elsevier France-Editions Scientifiques Medicales Elsevier, Issy-Les-Moulineaux
Funding / projects:
- Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts
- Hungarian Academy of SciencesHungarian Academy of Sciences
- Urbanisation Processes and Development of Mediaeval Society (RS-177021)
- Electroconducting and redox-active polymers and oligomers: synthesis, structure, properties and applications (RS-172043)
- Research and verification of the multidisciplinary forensic methods in (RS-37021)