Predmeti od glačanog kamena sa nalazišta Ilića Brdo
Objects of polished stone from the site of Ilica Brdo
Excavations from 1990 on the site of Ilica Brdo supply, as to the polished stone industry, material which was poor in the number of finds, shapes and the choice of mostly bad quality materials used for manufacture of these objects. Implements are represented by small number of types and specimens. Axes, adzes, chisels and hammers, which by rale make the majority of the stone material on other sites (for instance, Vinča, Banjica and Žarkovo) were collected in a very small quantity. However, it is certain that they had been much more numerous, which is proved by many flakes found in all the layers of the settlement. The most numerous stone artefacts are certainly abrasive implements - whetstones, grindstones, and particularly polishers of all types. They are represented by 42 specimens, which makes even 65% of the total number of objects of polished stone industry. Objects of polished stone are equally present in all the layers, always in small numbers and distributed evenly on the whole... surface of excavation so that, regardless of numerous polishers, so far it is not possible to talk about the existence of organized workshops for manufacturing of stone implements. However, since the trenches A and B are located on the periphery of the site, it could be assumed that final treatment of implements of stone, and probably of bones horn or wood as well, was carried out on the periphery of the settlement which, in that case, explains the lack of adzes and axes of finer manufacture. As for the raw-material, on many late Vinča localities light white stone, most often magnesite or diatom earth, was the dominant ore, or at least mineral present in considerable quantities, and the settlement on Ilica Brdo is not an exception. This kind of stone was most probably obtained by mining. Numerous deposits of magnesite are situated in central Serbia, and the closest ones lay in the region of Rudnik, whereas the deposits of diatom earth are located near Baroševac, at about 35 km away from our site. What is exceptional and particularly interesting on this site is that fine-grained sedimentary and contact metamorphic rocks (cornittes, silicified alevrolittes etc) are almost absent, and it is well-known that this type of stone represents the basic raw-material for manufecturing polished stone artifacts in the Vinča culture. These minerals, due to their power of endurance and hardness, required longer and more thorough treatment, in contrast to light white stone which was used most often for chipped-stone manufacturing, with additional polishing of surface by the cutting edge. This is another Vinča settlement which illustrates, both by the choice of raw-materials and the number of types of implements and the quality of their manufacture, that certain devaluation of polished stone industry occurred by the end of the Vinča culture.
Source:Glasnik Srpskog arheološkog društva, 1997, 13, 275-285
- Srpsko arheološko društvo, Beograd