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Nekropola na Borskom jezeru : novi prilozi o sahranjivanju u bronzanom dobu

dc.creatorKapuran, Aleksandar
dc.creatorMiladinović-Radmilović, Nataša
dc.description.abstractThis article deals with the social and anthropological aspects of burial rituals during the Middle Bronze Age in Timočka Krajina. Decades of systematic research of necropolises and reconnaissance in the basin of the Crni Timok proved an increase in number of sites around ore - rich areas of the east Kučaj mountains as well as around Romuliana site and the fertile valleys of Džanovo polje (Map. 1). The quantitative increase in settlements was reflected by the emergence of large necropolises, only three of which have been systematically explored; those in Trnjani, Magura and Bor Lake (Fig. 1; Plan 1). Analysis of geographical features of many settlements and their position in relation to natural resources helped define two communities, one of which carried out mining and metallurgical activities, while the other group engaged in the production of food. Both groups lived in the immediate vicinity and mutual dependence, functioning within a developed market for copper production. During the exploration of the necropolis near Bor Lake in 1997, the remains of burnt skeletons were collected from burial structures 2/97 and 13/97 (Fig. 2; Plans 2 and 3). Anthropological analysis of the cremated remains of the deceased showed that high temperatures were used during the cremation process, which we assume could have only been achieved in metallurgical furnaces. This is confirmed by the fact that the skeletal fragments contain traces of melted metal, as well as finds of bronze slag inside urns and grave structures in the necropolis in Trnjani (Figs. 3 and 4; Tables 1-4). Burial ritual of this kind was not proved by systematic archaeological research of necropolises in the basin of Crni Timok, although anthropological data collected from necropolises linked to metallurgical settlements may indicate some guidelines in the ritual cremation of prominent members of these communities.en
dc.description.abstractRad istražuje izvesne socijalne i antropološke aspekte vezane za ritual sahranjivanja tokom bronzanog doba, na prostorima Timočke Krajine, u svetlu novih podataka dobijenih istraživanjima nekropole Borsko jezero i distribucije naselja u njenoj okolini. Istraživanja 1997. godine na nekropoli Borsko jezero, biće predstavljena po prvi put, kao i antropološka analiza spaljenih pokojnika iz dve grobne konstrukcije. Najverovatnije je reč o mogućoj interakciji između metalurških i poljoprivrednih naselja, koja je bila od velike važnosti za povećanu proizvodnju bakra, karakterističnu za srednje bronzano doba u rudonosnim oblastima centralne Evrope.
dc.publisherArheološki institut, Beograd
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/177020/RS//
dc.relationinfo:eu-repo/grantAgreement/MESTD/Basic Research (BR or ON)/177007/RS//
dc.subjectTimočka Krajina
dc.subjectsrednje bronzano doba
dc.subjectantropološka analiza
dc.subjectdistribucija naselja
dc.titleNecropolis on Bor lake: New reports on Bronze age burialen
dc.titleNekropola na Borskom jezeru : novi prilozi o sahranjivanju u bronzanom dobu
dc.citation.other(61): 141-153

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