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Representations of hunting dogs (canes venatici) in mosaics of Gamzigrad (Romuliana)

dc.creatorJeremić, Gordana
dc.description.abstractPredmet ovog priloga je analiza dve delimično očuvane predstave pasa na podnim mozaicima palate D1 utvrđenog kasnoantičkog kompleksa u Gamzigradu (Romuliana). Predstave pasa čine delove kompozicija sa scenama carskog lova (venatio caesaris), prikazanih u pojedinačnim panelima. Paneli sa lovačkim epizodama otkriveni su u pristupnom koridoru i velikom triklinijumu-auli carske palate. Lovački pas (canis venaticus) igrao je važnu ulogu u hajci, gonjenju i hvatanju lovne divljači. Stilskom i tipološkom analizom, kao i kompa - racijom sa drugim predstavama lova u kojima učestvuju psi, pokušaćemo da odredimo vrstu pasa prikazanih na gamzi - gradskim
dc.description.abstractMany mosaic floors decorating some buildings have been discovered during almost six decades of investigation of fortified complex at Gamzigrad (Romuliana) in the province Dacia Ripensis. Particularly important among these mosaics are those decorating imperial palace, with the hunting scenes (venatio), depicted within rectangular or square panels with small number of participants and surrounded by various borders. The representations of dogs are preserved in two panels and they are the subject of detailed study in this text. Despite being fragmentary preserved the dogs are regarding their physical characteristics and taking into account the program of other mosaic panels identified as hunting dogs (canes venatici). Around thirty different dog breeds had been known in Greek and Roman world and the hunting breeds had special place among them. Among the hunting dogs, which got their names after geographic areas, dogs for tracking and dogs for chasing animals could be distinguished. Hunting dogs were frequently depicted in the mosaic art. There examples recorded in North Africa, Eastern Mediterranean and western provinces of the Empire. There is close territorial and chronological parallel for the Gamzigrad dogs in the fresco decorating masonry tomb in Viminacium dating from the first half of the 4th century. In the Gamzigrad mosaics are depicted hunting dogs probably of Laconian type of tracking dog (canis sagaces), which could be used for hunting hares (Fig. 5) but also big game, including beasts (Fig. 4). The hunting scenes in the mosaics in the imperial palace represent materialization of the virtue (virtus), which Galerius cherished as emperor and soldier. The mosaic scenes unite various elements of diverse mosaic schools and influences (East Mediterranean and North African first of all), but in visual expression and chronologically they are something between these trends and offer the concept, which had not been seen in the mosaic art of that time in any of those regions. So, it is possible that it was ad hoc innovation of the mosaic makers from different centers commissioned to decorate the palace in Gamzigrad around AD 309-311.en
dc.publisherNarodni muzej, Beograd
dc.sourceZbornik Narodnog muzeja - serija: Arheologija
dc.subjectkasna antikasr
dc.subjectDacia Ripensissr
dc.subjectcanis venaticussr
dc.titlePredstave lovačkih pasa (canes venatici) na mozaicima Gamzigrada (Romuliana)sr
dc.titleRepresentations of hunting dogs (canes venatici) in mosaics of Gamzigrad (Romuliana)en
dc.citation.other(20-1): 291-304

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