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dc.creatorMarković, Nemanja
dc.creatorIvanišević, Vujadin
dc.creatorBaron, Henriette
dc.creatorLawless, Craig
dc.creatorBuckley, Michael
dc.date.accessioned2022-05-10T11:35:26Z
dc.date.available2022-05-10T11:35:26Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.issn2352-409X
dc.identifier.urihttp://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/379
dc.description.abstractCamels played an important role in caravan traffic and long-distance communication during the early Byzantine period as indicated by new findings from Caricin Grad. Excavations at the site revealed the remains of an important early Byzantine city, which has been identified with Justiniana Prima founded in the 530 s by Justinian I (527-565). The city, created ex nihilo, in a rural area in the north-west of the province of Dacia Mediterranea, represents a distinctive example of late urbanisation. Given the existence of the city for only 80 years and the fact that the nearby locality remained uninhabited until modern times, the site has yielded well-preserved monuments and remains of material culture. They allow for a detailed study of the urbanism, architecture, material culture and other aspects of daily life from the second quarter of the 6th century to the beginning of the 7th century. Here we investigate the camel remains discovered in five locations in Caricin Grad. Morphometric and proteomic analyses, including both collagen peptide mass fingerprint analysis (ZooMS) as well as in-depth sequencing, revealed that the majority originate from hybrids of the dromedary and Bactrian camels. Supported by written sources from the Early Byzantine period, it appears as though the use of the Caricin Grad camels was primarily for civilian purposes. These results highlight the complementarity of morphometric and proteomic approaches and their value in better understanding the impact of the early Byzantine economy.en
dc.publisherElsevier, Amsterdam
dc.relationLeibniz-Gemeinschaft of the Federal Republic of Germany
dc.relationRoyal SocietyRoyal Society of LondonEuropean Commission [UF120473]
dc.rightsrestrictedAccess
dc.sourceJournal of Archaeological Science: Reports
dc.subjectZooMSen
dc.subjectEarly Byzantine perioden
dc.subjectCollagen fingerprintingen
dc.subjectCaricin Graden
dc.subjectCamel hybridisationen
dc.subjectArchaeozoologyen
dc.titleThe last caravans in antiquity: Camel remains from Caricin Grad (Justiniana Prima)en
dc.typearticle
dc.rights.licenseARR
dc.citation.other38(): -
dc.citation.volume38
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.jasrep.2021.103038
dc.identifier.rcubconv_334
dc.identifier.scopus2-s2.0-85107034080
dc.identifier.wos000684820800002
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion


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