Redžić, Saša

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orcid::0000-0002-9462-3561
  • Redžić, Saša (6)
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Author's Bibliography

Zastupljenost nominala u grobovima na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama

Vojvoda, Mirjana; Redžić, Saša

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vojvoda, Mirjana
AU  - Redžić, Saša
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/369
AB  - Na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama (Više Grobalja i Pećine) istovremeno su upražnjavani rituali kremacije i inhumacije od 1. do sredine 3. veka. U to vreme obred kremacije pokojnika bio je napušten i jedini vid sahranjivanja nadalje predstavlja inhumacija. Tokom zaštitnih arheoloških istraživanja od 1978. do 1990. godine u ovom arealu otkriveno je ukupno 10769 grobova kremiranih (2930) i inhumiranih (7839) pokojnika (Tabela 1). Od ukupnog broja registrovanih grobova samo 2649 njih sadržavalo je novac kao prilog, što iznosi 24,60%. Pri tome novac je znatno više prisutan u grobovima kremiranih (40,55%) nego u grobovima inhumiranih pokojnika (18,65%). Kod ove četvrtine grobova, u najvećem procentu registrovano prisustvo jednog novčića (86,20%) male vrednosti. U najvećoj meri prisutni su dupondijusi i asi (62,50%), slede provincijska izdanja (14,20%), frakcije folisa (12,74%), antoninijani (4,07%), denari (1,72%), dok su sestercijusi prisutni samo sa 1,20% (Grafikon 1). Običaj prilaganja novca u grob bio poštovan samo od dela populacije na Viminacijumu i čvršće je bio ukorenjen u delu populacije koji je praktikovao kremaciju. U okviru četvrtine grobova koja je sadržavala novac, može se reći da je u najvećem procentu poštovan običaj stavljanja novca u usta pokojnika naročito u primeru grobova sa jednim novcem. Prilagani su uglavnom novčići male vrednosti sa tragovima dužeg korišćenja.
AB  - At the southern necropolises of Viminacium, coins as grave goods were recorded in 24.60% of the total number of discovered graves (10769). These data show a discrepancy between the ancient source reports about the use of so-called "Charon' s obol" and archaeological evidence. Even though only about a fourth of the graves contain coins as grave goods, this percentage is above the average reported on analogous necropolises in the surrounding area. From this number, the incidence of asses and dupondii is by far the most frequent, thus confirming the use of low-value denominations in funeral practice. It may be also concluded that in the largest percentage, the custom of placing the coin in the mouth of the deceased was observed, especially in the example of graves with one coin.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Arheologija i prirodne nauke
T1  - Zastupljenost nominala u grobovima na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama
T1  - Incidence of denominations in graves at the southern necropolises of Viminacium
EP  - 117
IS  - 16
SP  - 113
DO  - 10.18485/arhe_apn.2020.16.7
UR  - conv_307
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vojvoda, Mirjana and Redžić, Saša",
year = "2020",
abstract = "Na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama (Više Grobalja i Pećine) istovremeno su upražnjavani rituali kremacije i inhumacije od 1. do sredine 3. veka. U to vreme obred kremacije pokojnika bio je napušten i jedini vid sahranjivanja nadalje predstavlja inhumacija. Tokom zaštitnih arheoloških istraživanja od 1978. do 1990. godine u ovom arealu otkriveno je ukupno 10769 grobova kremiranih (2930) i inhumiranih (7839) pokojnika (Tabela 1). Od ukupnog broja registrovanih grobova samo 2649 njih sadržavalo je novac kao prilog, što iznosi 24,60%. Pri tome novac je znatno više prisutan u grobovima kremiranih (40,55%) nego u grobovima inhumiranih pokojnika (18,65%). Kod ove četvrtine grobova, u najvećem procentu registrovano prisustvo jednog novčića (86,20%) male vrednosti. U najvećoj meri prisutni su dupondijusi i asi (62,50%), slede provincijska izdanja (14,20%), frakcije folisa (12,74%), antoninijani (4,07%), denari (1,72%), dok su sestercijusi prisutni samo sa 1,20% (Grafikon 1). Običaj prilaganja novca u grob bio poštovan samo od dela populacije na Viminacijumu i čvršće je bio ukorenjen u delu populacije koji je praktikovao kremaciju. U okviru četvrtine grobova koja je sadržavala novac, može se reći da je u najvećem procentu poštovan običaj stavljanja novca u usta pokojnika naročito u primeru grobova sa jednim novcem. Prilagani su uglavnom novčići male vrednosti sa tragovima dužeg korišćenja., At the southern necropolises of Viminacium, coins as grave goods were recorded in 24.60% of the total number of discovered graves (10769). These data show a discrepancy between the ancient source reports about the use of so-called "Charon' s obol" and archaeological evidence. Even though only about a fourth of the graves contain coins as grave goods, this percentage is above the average reported on analogous necropolises in the surrounding area. From this number, the incidence of asses and dupondii is by far the most frequent, thus confirming the use of low-value denominations in funeral practice. It may be also concluded that in the largest percentage, the custom of placing the coin in the mouth of the deceased was observed, especially in the example of graves with one coin.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Arheologija i prirodne nauke",
title = "Zastupljenost nominala u grobovima na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama, Incidence of denominations in graves at the southern necropolises of Viminacium",
pages = "117-113",
number = "16",
doi = "10.18485/arhe_apn.2020.16.7",
url = "conv_307"
}
Vojvoda, M.,& Redžić, S.. (2020). Zastupljenost nominala u grobovima na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama. in Arheologija i prirodne nauke
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(16), 113-117.
https://doi.org/10.18485/arhe_apn.2020.16.7
conv_307
Vojvoda M, Redžić S. Zastupljenost nominala u grobovima na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama. in Arheologija i prirodne nauke. 2020;(16):113-117.
doi:10.18485/arhe_apn.2020.16.7
conv_307 .
Vojvoda, Mirjana, Redžić, Saša, "Zastupljenost nominala u grobovima na viminacijumskim južnim nekropolama" in Arheologija i prirodne nauke, no. 16 (2020):113-117,
https://doi.org/10.18485/arhe_apn.2020.16.7 .,
conv_307 .

Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Eastern Roman Empire During the Imperial Period and Late Antiquity

Ledger, Marissa L.; Rowan, Erica; Marques, Frances Gallart; Sigmier, John H.; Sarkić, Nataša; Redžić, Saša; Cahill, Nicholas D.; Mitchell, Piers D.

(Archaeological Inst America, Boston, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Ledger, Marissa L.
AU  - Rowan, Erica
AU  - Marques, Frances Gallart
AU  - Sigmier, John H.
AU  - Sarkić, Nataša
AU  - Redžić, Saša
AU  - Cahill, Nicholas D.
AU  - Mitchell, Piers D.
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/366
AB  - While there have been numerous studies investigating intestinal parasitic infection in the Roman period, much of this work has been focused in northern Europe, with major gaps in the eastern empire. In order to further elucidate regional patterns in parasitic infection in the Roman empire, we looked for evidence for parasites in sites from Anatolia and the Balkans. Sediment samples from drains as well as coprolites were studied to find evidence for intestinal parasites in the Roman cities of Viminacium (Serbia) and Sardis (Turkey), and results were combined with previous work in these regions. Each sample was tested for preserved helminth (worm) eggs using microscopy and for intestinal protozoa that cause diarrhea, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Our analysis revealed a predominance of species spread by the contamination of food and water by human feces, namely roundworm and whipworm. The identification of these parasites (which are linked to sanitation and hygiene) in Roman cities in Anatolia and the Balkans is contrasted with the range of zoonotic species found elsewhere in the empire. It appears that variations in cooking practices, diet, urbanization, and climate throughout the empire may have contributed to differences in gastrointestinal diseases in different regions.(1)
PB  - Archaeological Inst America, Boston
T2  - American Journal of Archaeology
T1  - Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Eastern Roman Empire During the Imperial Period and Late Antiquity
EP  - 657
IS  - 4
SP  - 631
VL  - 124
DO  - 10.3764/aja.124.4.0631
UR  - conv_341
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Ledger, Marissa L. and Rowan, Erica and Marques, Frances Gallart and Sigmier, John H. and Sarkić, Nataša and Redžić, Saša and Cahill, Nicholas D. and Mitchell, Piers D.",
year = "2020",
abstract = "While there have been numerous studies investigating intestinal parasitic infection in the Roman period, much of this work has been focused in northern Europe, with major gaps in the eastern empire. In order to further elucidate regional patterns in parasitic infection in the Roman empire, we looked for evidence for parasites in sites from Anatolia and the Balkans. Sediment samples from drains as well as coprolites were studied to find evidence for intestinal parasites in the Roman cities of Viminacium (Serbia) and Sardis (Turkey), and results were combined with previous work in these regions. Each sample was tested for preserved helminth (worm) eggs using microscopy and for intestinal protozoa that cause diarrhea, using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Our analysis revealed a predominance of species spread by the contamination of food and water by human feces, namely roundworm and whipworm. The identification of these parasites (which are linked to sanitation and hygiene) in Roman cities in Anatolia and the Balkans is contrasted with the range of zoonotic species found elsewhere in the empire. It appears that variations in cooking practices, diet, urbanization, and climate throughout the empire may have contributed to differences in gastrointestinal diseases in different regions.(1)",
publisher = "Archaeological Inst America, Boston",
journal = "American Journal of Archaeology",
title = "Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Eastern Roman Empire During the Imperial Period and Late Antiquity",
pages = "657-631",
number = "4",
volume = "124",
doi = "10.3764/aja.124.4.0631",
url = "conv_341"
}
Ledger, M. L., Rowan, E., Marques, F. G., Sigmier, J. H., Sarkić, N., Redžić, S., Cahill, N. D.,& Mitchell, P. D.. (2020). Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Eastern Roman Empire During the Imperial Period and Late Antiquity. in American Journal of Archaeology
Archaeological Inst America, Boston., 124(4), 631-657.
https://doi.org/10.3764/aja.124.4.0631
conv_341
Ledger ML, Rowan E, Marques FG, Sigmier JH, Sarkić N, Redžić S, Cahill ND, Mitchell PD. Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Eastern Roman Empire During the Imperial Period and Late Antiquity. in American Journal of Archaeology. 2020;124(4):631-657.
doi:10.3764/aja.124.4.0631
conv_341 .
Ledger, Marissa L., Rowan, Erica, Marques, Frances Gallart, Sigmier, John H., Sarkić, Nataša, Redžić, Saša, Cahill, Nicholas D., Mitchell, Piers D., "Intestinal Parasitic Infection in the Eastern Roman Empire During the Imperial Period and Late Antiquity" in American Journal of Archaeology, 124, no. 4 (2020):631-657,
https://doi.org/10.3764/aja.124.4.0631 .,
conv_341 .
11
7
7

A hoard of solidi from a hypogeum at the Viminacium necropolis - Pecine (Serbia)

Vojvoda, Mirjana; Redžić, Saša

(Institute Arheoloski Slovenska Academy of Science Arts, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vojvoda, Mirjana
AU  - Redžić, Saša
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/358
AB  - During more recent rescue archaeological investigations of the southern necropolises of Viminacium, in 2016, at the necropolis of Pecine, a hoard of seven solidi was discovered in one of the investigated monumental tombs (G 5868). The hoard contains coins of Honorius and Theodosius II, ranging from 403/408-430/440. Within the memoria, which was unfortunately robbed as far back as Antiquity, besides the hoard, an additional 23 coins, ranging from Alexander Severus (222-235) to the beginning of the 5th century, were also discovered. Rescue investigations in the area of the southern necropolises have been conducted, with interruptions, since the late 1970s and, over the course of four decades, this is merely the second discovery of gold coins, not only at the southern necropolis, but also at other investigated ones.
PB  - Institute Arheoloski Slovenska Academy of Science Arts
T2  - Arheološki vestnik
T1  - A hoard of solidi from a hypogeum at the Viminacium necropolis - Pecine (Serbia)
EP  - 231
SP  - 217
VL  - 71
DO  - 10.3986/AV.71.06
UR  - conv_349
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vojvoda, Mirjana and Redžić, Saša",
year = "2020",
abstract = "During more recent rescue archaeological investigations of the southern necropolises of Viminacium, in 2016, at the necropolis of Pecine, a hoard of seven solidi was discovered in one of the investigated monumental tombs (G 5868). The hoard contains coins of Honorius and Theodosius II, ranging from 403/408-430/440. Within the memoria, which was unfortunately robbed as far back as Antiquity, besides the hoard, an additional 23 coins, ranging from Alexander Severus (222-235) to the beginning of the 5th century, were also discovered. Rescue investigations in the area of the southern necropolises have been conducted, with interruptions, since the late 1970s and, over the course of four decades, this is merely the second discovery of gold coins, not only at the southern necropolis, but also at other investigated ones.",
publisher = "Institute Arheoloski Slovenska Academy of Science Arts",
journal = "Arheološki vestnik",
title = "A hoard of solidi from a hypogeum at the Viminacium necropolis - Pecine (Serbia)",
pages = "231-217",
volume = "71",
doi = "10.3986/AV.71.06",
url = "conv_349"
}
Vojvoda, M.,& Redžić, S.. (2020). A hoard of solidi from a hypogeum at the Viminacium necropolis - Pecine (Serbia). in Arheološki vestnik
Institute Arheoloski Slovenska Academy of Science Arts., 71, 217-231.
https://doi.org/10.3986/AV.71.06
conv_349
Vojvoda M, Redžić S. A hoard of solidi from a hypogeum at the Viminacium necropolis - Pecine (Serbia). in Arheološki vestnik. 2020;71:217-231.
doi:10.3986/AV.71.06
conv_349 .
Vojvoda, Mirjana, Redžić, Saša, "A hoard of solidi from a hypogeum at the Viminacium necropolis - Pecine (Serbia)" in Arheološki vestnik, 71 (2020):217-231,
https://doi.org/10.3986/AV.71.06 .,
conv_349 .
1

Roman coin hoards of the third century ad found on the territory of Moesia superior, and Serbian part of Dalmatia and Pannonia inferior: the reasons for their burial

Vojvoda, Mirjana; Redžić, Saša

(Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vojvoda, Mirjana
AU  - Redžić, Saša
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/331
AB  - The territory of present-day Serbia comprises the area of the former Roman provinces of Moesia Superior, Pannonia Inferior, Dalmatia and Barbaricum (the region between Pannonia Inferior and Dacia). The turbulent events of the 3rd century, which were frequent in the Balkans, left behind numerous coin hoards as significant historical sources. Thus far, 94 coin hoards have been found, ranging from Septimius Severus and Caracalla to Diocletian.
PB  - Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca
T2  - Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology
T1  - Roman coin hoards of the third century ad found on the territory of Moesia superior, and Serbian part of Dalmatia and Pannonia inferior: the reasons for their burial
EP  - 554
IS  - 1
SP  - 531
VL  - 7
DO  - 10.14795/j.v7i1_SI.501
UR  - conv_350
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vojvoda, Mirjana and Redžić, Saša",
year = "2020",
abstract = "The territory of present-day Serbia comprises the area of the former Roman provinces of Moesia Superior, Pannonia Inferior, Dalmatia and Barbaricum (the region between Pannonia Inferior and Dacia). The turbulent events of the 3rd century, which were frequent in the Balkans, left behind numerous coin hoards as significant historical sources. Thus far, 94 coin hoards have been found, ranging from Septimius Severus and Caracalla to Diocletian.",
publisher = "Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca",
journal = "Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology",
title = "Roman coin hoards of the third century ad found on the territory of Moesia superior, and Serbian part of Dalmatia and Pannonia inferior: the reasons for their burial",
pages = "554-531",
number = "1",
volume = "7",
doi = "10.14795/j.v7i1_SI.501",
url = "conv_350"
}
Vojvoda, M.,& Redžić, S.. (2020). Roman coin hoards of the third century ad found on the territory of Moesia superior, and Serbian part of Dalmatia and Pannonia inferior: the reasons for their burial. in Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology
Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca., 7(1), 531-554.
https://doi.org/10.14795/j.v7i1_SI.501
conv_350
Vojvoda M, Redžić S. Roman coin hoards of the third century ad found on the territory of Moesia superior, and Serbian part of Dalmatia and Pannonia inferior: the reasons for their burial. in Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology. 2020;7(1):531-554.
doi:10.14795/j.v7i1_SI.501
conv_350 .
Vojvoda, Mirjana, Redžić, Saša, "Roman coin hoards of the third century ad found on the territory of Moesia superior, and Serbian part of Dalmatia and Pannonia inferior: the reasons for their burial" in Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology, 7, no. 1 (2020):531-554,
https://doi.org/10.14795/j.v7i1_SI.501 .,
conv_350 .

Roman coins discovered during archaeological investigations of thermae at Viminacium (2003-2007)

Vojvoda, Mirjana; Redžić, Saša

(Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Vojvoda, Mirjana
AU  - Redžić, Saša
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/317
AB  - In the course of reviewing archaeological investigations of the Viminacium thermae from 2003 to 2007, 160 monetary finds were discovered, ranging from the Roman Republic (138 BC) to Theodosius II (408-450 AD). With the exception of one specimen that belongs to Roman Republican coinage, imperial issues are the most prevalent ones (149), while provincial coinage comprises a smaller portion of the finds (11).
PB  - Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca
T2  - Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology
T1  - Roman coins discovered during archaeological investigations of thermae at Viminacium (2003-2007)
EP  - 98
IS  - 3
SP  - 79
VL  - 6
DO  - 10.14795/j.v6i3.444
UR  - conv_356
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Vojvoda, Mirjana and Redžić, Saša",
year = "2019",
abstract = "In the course of reviewing archaeological investigations of the Viminacium thermae from 2003 to 2007, 160 monetary finds were discovered, ranging from the Roman Republic (138 BC) to Theodosius II (408-450 AD). With the exception of one specimen that belongs to Roman Republican coinage, imperial issues are the most prevalent ones (149), while provincial coinage comprises a smaller portion of the finds (11).",
publisher = "Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca",
journal = "Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology",
title = "Roman coins discovered during archaeological investigations of thermae at Viminacium (2003-2007)",
pages = "98-79",
number = "3",
volume = "6",
doi = "10.14795/j.v6i3.444",
url = "conv_356"
}
Vojvoda, M.,& Redžić, S.. (2019). Roman coins discovered during archaeological investigations of thermae at Viminacium (2003-2007). in Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology
Mega Publishing House, Cluj-Napoca., 6(3), 79-98.
https://doi.org/10.14795/j.v6i3.444
conv_356
Vojvoda M, Redžić S. Roman coins discovered during archaeological investigations of thermae at Viminacium (2003-2007). in Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology. 2019;6(3):79-98.
doi:10.14795/j.v6i3.444
conv_356 .
Vojvoda, Mirjana, Redžić, Saša, "Roman coins discovered during archaeological investigations of thermae at Viminacium (2003-2007)" in Journal of Ancient History and Archaeology, 6, no. 3 (2019):79-98,
https://doi.org/10.14795/j.v6i3.444 .,
conv_356 .

Pojasne garniture VTERE FELIX sa teritorije Viminacijuma

Redžić, Saša

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2008)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Redžić, Saša
PY  - 2008
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/99
AB  - Tokom drugog veka nove ere u upotrebu ulaze garniture čiji je okov, modelovan u obliku slova poruke VTERE FELIX, bio nitnama apliciran na kožni pojas. Svrha takve poruke na pojasu bila je, bez sumnje, da svom nosiocu donese sreću. U stručnoj literaturi ovakva vrsta pojasnih garnitura poznata je još i kao tip lion. Naziv je odabran na osnovu prvog zabeleženog nalaza te vrste otkrivenog u Lionu 1950. godine. U grobu je pored delova pojasne garniture vojne opreme i fibule nađeno više komada novca, od kojih se najmlađi datuje u 194. godinu. Grob vojnika je doveden u vezu sa bitkom kod Liona 197. godine između Septimija Severa i Klodija Albina, a nađeni okovi u obliku slova protumačeni su kao delovi formule VTERE FELIX. Drugi značajan nalaz ovog tipa potiče iz bugarskog sela Ljuben. Na osnovu nalaza novca, tumul ograđen zidom datovan je u period između 218. i 225. godine, a u jednom od dva otkrivena groba bila je pohranjena srebrna pojasna garnitura. Zajedno sa pojasnom garniturom otkriven je i medicinski pribor, što njenog nosioca profesionalno opredeljuje kao lekara. Pojasna garnitura nađena u Varaždinskim Toplicama (Aquae Iasae) okvirno je datovana u period od poslednje četvrtine drugog do sredine trećeg veka, a sam kontekst nalaza, sa prisutnom rezervom, protumačen je kao votivni dar termalnom kupalištu koje je ujedno imalo i karakter svetilišta. Pored ovih skoro u potpunosti očuvanih garnitura, na više lokaliteta, uglavnom iz podunavskih provincija rimskog carstva, nađeni su pojedinačni okovi, koji su prvobitno bili deo pojasa ovog tipa. Što se tiče ornamentike, brojni nalazi delova VTERE FELIX garnitura, nađeni na lokalitetu Viminacijum, imaju određenih sličnosti sa pojedinim gore pomenutim okovima. Izuzetak predstavlja unikatni nalaz ligature TE (br. 2b), koji prema mojim saznanjima nema analogija i koji negira mišljenje nekih autora da ligature nisu korišćene u formiranju poruke VTERE FELIX na pojasnim garniturama. Pored kopči i okova u obliku slova, nađena su i četiri dvodelna zglobna pojasna jezička (br. 1g, 1h, 2d i 12a). U viminacijumskim grobovima, koji su kao prilog imali pojasne garniture ovog tipa, nije nađeno oružje niti druga vojna oprema, tako da mišljenje da su one korišćene od strane vojnika nema direktnu potvrdu. Indirektni dokaz da se ipak radi o vojnoj opremi predstavlja brojnost nalaza ove vrste otkrivenih u neposrednoj blizini legijskog logora. Na osnovu datovanja gore pomenutih nalaza iz Liona i Ljubena, kojima treba dodati viminacijumske primerke otkrivene u grobovima datovanim novcem Marka Aurelija i Komoda, smatram da hronološko opredeljivanje VTERE FELIX pojasnih garnitura u period koji obuhvata drugu polovinu II i prvu polovinu III veka ne treba dovoditi u pitanje. Nalazi pojasnih garnitura ovog tipa otkriveni na nekropolama Viminacijuma dodatno su podržali mišljenje ranijih istraživača vezano za njihovo datovanje, a takođe su osnažili tezu da kao njihovo matično područje treba posmatrati upravo prostor podunavskih provincija.
AB  - The belt sets of the VTERE FELIX type that were characteristic of the letter-shaped fittings of the mentioned message were in use during the second half of the II and first half of III century. Soldiers, who are considered to be the primary group that wore such belts, believed that such a message would bring them luck and protect them from the many perils of their profession. The numerous finds of fittings of this not so common type of belt sets that were excavated on the Viminacium site, contribute to the already existing theory that their territory of origin is the area of the Danubian provinces.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Starinar
T1  - Pojasne garniture VTERE FELIX sa teritorije Viminacijuma
T1  - VTERE FELIX belt sets on the territory of Viminacium
EP  - 162
IS  - 58
SP  - 155
DO  - 10.2298/STA0858155R
UR  - conv_704
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Redžić, Saša",
year = "2008",
abstract = "Tokom drugog veka nove ere u upotrebu ulaze garniture čiji je okov, modelovan u obliku slova poruke VTERE FELIX, bio nitnama apliciran na kožni pojas. Svrha takve poruke na pojasu bila je, bez sumnje, da svom nosiocu donese sreću. U stručnoj literaturi ovakva vrsta pojasnih garnitura poznata je još i kao tip lion. Naziv je odabran na osnovu prvog zabeleženog nalaza te vrste otkrivenog u Lionu 1950. godine. U grobu je pored delova pojasne garniture vojne opreme i fibule nađeno više komada novca, od kojih se najmlađi datuje u 194. godinu. Grob vojnika je doveden u vezu sa bitkom kod Liona 197. godine između Septimija Severa i Klodija Albina, a nađeni okovi u obliku slova protumačeni su kao delovi formule VTERE FELIX. Drugi značajan nalaz ovog tipa potiče iz bugarskog sela Ljuben. Na osnovu nalaza novca, tumul ograđen zidom datovan je u period između 218. i 225. godine, a u jednom od dva otkrivena groba bila je pohranjena srebrna pojasna garnitura. Zajedno sa pojasnom garniturom otkriven je i medicinski pribor, što njenog nosioca profesionalno opredeljuje kao lekara. Pojasna garnitura nađena u Varaždinskim Toplicama (Aquae Iasae) okvirno je datovana u period od poslednje četvrtine drugog do sredine trećeg veka, a sam kontekst nalaza, sa prisutnom rezervom, protumačen je kao votivni dar termalnom kupalištu koje je ujedno imalo i karakter svetilišta. Pored ovih skoro u potpunosti očuvanih garnitura, na više lokaliteta, uglavnom iz podunavskih provincija rimskog carstva, nađeni su pojedinačni okovi, koji su prvobitno bili deo pojasa ovog tipa. Što se tiče ornamentike, brojni nalazi delova VTERE FELIX garnitura, nađeni na lokalitetu Viminacijum, imaju određenih sličnosti sa pojedinim gore pomenutim okovima. Izuzetak predstavlja unikatni nalaz ligature TE (br. 2b), koji prema mojim saznanjima nema analogija i koji negira mišljenje nekih autora da ligature nisu korišćene u formiranju poruke VTERE FELIX na pojasnim garniturama. Pored kopči i okova u obliku slova, nađena su i četiri dvodelna zglobna pojasna jezička (br. 1g, 1h, 2d i 12a). U viminacijumskim grobovima, koji su kao prilog imali pojasne garniture ovog tipa, nije nađeno oružje niti druga vojna oprema, tako da mišljenje da su one korišćene od strane vojnika nema direktnu potvrdu. Indirektni dokaz da se ipak radi o vojnoj opremi predstavlja brojnost nalaza ove vrste otkrivenih u neposrednoj blizini legijskog logora. Na osnovu datovanja gore pomenutih nalaza iz Liona i Ljubena, kojima treba dodati viminacijumske primerke otkrivene u grobovima datovanim novcem Marka Aurelija i Komoda, smatram da hronološko opredeljivanje VTERE FELIX pojasnih garnitura u period koji obuhvata drugu polovinu II i prvu polovinu III veka ne treba dovoditi u pitanje. Nalazi pojasnih garnitura ovog tipa otkriveni na nekropolama Viminacijuma dodatno su podržali mišljenje ranijih istraživača vezano za njihovo datovanje, a takođe su osnažili tezu da kao njihovo matično područje treba posmatrati upravo prostor podunavskih provincija., The belt sets of the VTERE FELIX type that were characteristic of the letter-shaped fittings of the mentioned message were in use during the second half of the II and first half of III century. Soldiers, who are considered to be the primary group that wore such belts, believed that such a message would bring them luck and protect them from the many perils of their profession. The numerous finds of fittings of this not so common type of belt sets that were excavated on the Viminacium site, contribute to the already existing theory that their territory of origin is the area of the Danubian provinces.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Starinar",
title = "Pojasne garniture VTERE FELIX sa teritorije Viminacijuma, VTERE FELIX belt sets on the territory of Viminacium",
pages = "162-155",
number = "58",
doi = "10.2298/STA0858155R",
url = "conv_704"
}
Redžić, S.. (2008). Pojasne garniture VTERE FELIX sa teritorije Viminacijuma. in Starinar
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(58), 155-162.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA0858155R
conv_704
Redžić S. Pojasne garniture VTERE FELIX sa teritorije Viminacijuma. in Starinar. 2008;(58):155-162.
doi:10.2298/STA0858155R
conv_704 .
Redžić, Saša, "Pojasne garniture VTERE FELIX sa teritorije Viminacijuma" in Starinar, no. 58 (2008):155-162,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA0858155R .,
conv_704 .
1