Filipović, Vojislav

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  • Filipović, Vojislav (17)

Author's Bibliography

The Balkan Aegean migrations revisited: changes in material culture and settlement patterns in the late bronze age central Balkans in light of new data

Bulatović, Aleksandar; Molloy, B.; Filipović, Vojislav

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2021)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Molloy, B.
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2021
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/386
AB  - Alleged “Aegean migrations” have long been seen as underlying major transformations in lifeways and identity in the Balkans in the 12th–11th centuries BC. Revisiting the material culture and settlement changes in the north-south “routeway” of the Velika Morava–Južna Morava–Vardar/Axios river valleys, this paper evaluates developments within local communities. It is argued that mobility played an important role in social change, including an element of inward migration from the north. We argue that rather than an Aegean end point, these river valleys themselves were the destination of migrants. The prosperity this stimulated within those communities led to increased networks of personal mobility that incorporated elements from communities from the wider Carpathians and the north of Greece over the course of two centuries.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Starinar
T1  - The Balkan Aegean migrations revisited: changes in material culture and settlement patterns in the late bronze age central Balkans in light of new data
EP  - 105
IS  - 71
SP  - 61
DO  - 10.2298/STA2171061B
UR  - conv_450
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bulatović, Aleksandar and Molloy, B. and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2021",
abstract = "Alleged “Aegean migrations” have long been seen as underlying major transformations in lifeways and identity in the Balkans in the 12th–11th centuries BC. Revisiting the material culture and settlement changes in the north-south “routeway” of the Velika Morava–Južna Morava–Vardar/Axios river valleys, this paper evaluates developments within local communities. It is argued that mobility played an important role in social change, including an element of inward migration from the north. We argue that rather than an Aegean end point, these river valleys themselves were the destination of migrants. The prosperity this stimulated within those communities led to increased networks of personal mobility that incorporated elements from communities from the wider Carpathians and the north of Greece over the course of two centuries.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Starinar",
title = "The Balkan Aegean migrations revisited: changes in material culture and settlement patterns in the late bronze age central Balkans in light of new data",
pages = "105-61",
number = "71",
doi = "10.2298/STA2171061B",
url = "conv_450"
}
Bulatović, A., Molloy, B.,& Filipović, V.. (2021). The Balkan Aegean migrations revisited: changes in material culture and settlement patterns in the late bronze age central Balkans in light of new data. in Starinar
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(71), 61-105.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA2171061B
conv_450
Bulatović A, Molloy B, Filipović V. The Balkan Aegean migrations revisited: changes in material culture and settlement patterns in the late bronze age central Balkans in light of new data. in Starinar. 2021;(71):61-105.
doi:10.2298/STA2171061B
conv_450 .
Bulatović, Aleksandar, Molloy, B., Filipović, Vojislav, "The Balkan Aegean migrations revisited: changes in material culture and settlement patterns in the late bronze age central Balkans in light of new data" in Starinar, no. 71 (2021):61-105,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA2171061B .,
conv_450 .
1

Provenance of tin in the Late Bronze Age balkans based on probabilistic and spatial analysis of Sn isotopes

Mason, Andrea; Powell, Wayne; Bankoff, Arthur H.; Mathur, Ryan; Price, M.; Bulatović, Aleksandar; Filipović, Vojislav

(Elsevier Inc., 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mason, Andrea
AU  - Powell, Wayne
AU  - Bankoff, Arthur H.
AU  - Mathur, Ryan
AU  - Price, M.
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/336
AB  - We report the largest published dataset to date of Sn-isotopic compositions of Bronze Age artifacts (338) along with 150 cassiterite samples (75 new) from six potential tin ore sources from which the tin in these artifacts were thought to have likely originated. The artifacts are from a broad area, Central Europe through the Central Balkans, and the six tin sources are Cornwall, three sites in the Erzgebirge, and two sites in Serbia. A clustering analysis on mean site-level isotopic values of δ124Sn identifies regional variation that can be attributed to the use of different tin ore sources in different regions. Therefore, geographically meaningful regions were identified to group the Bronze Age artifact assemblages and a probabilistic, Bayesian analysis was performed to determine the proportional contribution of each tin source to each regional assemblage. Artifacts enriched in heavy isotopes (δ124Sn > 0.7‰) that cluster in west-central Serbia are likely associated with the ores from Mt. Cer in west Serbia. Mixed artifact assemblages (high and low δ124Sn) in this region are attributed to the use of cassiterite from the two Serbian sites (Mt. Cer and Mt. Bukulja). Moderate composition artifacts that occur north of the Middle Danube in Vojvodina, Transylvania, and Central Europe are likely associated primarily with ores from the West Pluton of the Erzgebirge. Compositionally light bronzes (δ124Sn < 0.2‰) in southern Serbia and the lower Danube river valley cannot be linked to a documented ore source. There is no indication of the use of ores from Cornwall or the East Pluton of the Erzgebirge in Central Europe and the Balkans during the Late Bronze Age.
PB  - Elsevier Inc.
T2  - Journal of Archaeological Science
T1  - Provenance of tin in the Late Bronze Age balkans based on probabilistic and spatial analysis of Sn isotopes
VL  - 122
DO  - 10.1016/j.jas.2020.105181
UR  - conv_469
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mason, Andrea and Powell, Wayne and Bankoff, Arthur H. and Mathur, Ryan and Price, M. and Bulatović, Aleksandar and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2020",
abstract = "We report the largest published dataset to date of Sn-isotopic compositions of Bronze Age artifacts (338) along with 150 cassiterite samples (75 new) from six potential tin ore sources from which the tin in these artifacts were thought to have likely originated. The artifacts are from a broad area, Central Europe through the Central Balkans, and the six tin sources are Cornwall, three sites in the Erzgebirge, and two sites in Serbia. A clustering analysis on mean site-level isotopic values of δ124Sn identifies regional variation that can be attributed to the use of different tin ore sources in different regions. Therefore, geographically meaningful regions were identified to group the Bronze Age artifact assemblages and a probabilistic, Bayesian analysis was performed to determine the proportional contribution of each tin source to each regional assemblage. Artifacts enriched in heavy isotopes (δ124Sn > 0.7‰) that cluster in west-central Serbia are likely associated with the ores from Mt. Cer in west Serbia. Mixed artifact assemblages (high and low δ124Sn) in this region are attributed to the use of cassiterite from the two Serbian sites (Mt. Cer and Mt. Bukulja). Moderate composition artifacts that occur north of the Middle Danube in Vojvodina, Transylvania, and Central Europe are likely associated primarily with ores from the West Pluton of the Erzgebirge. Compositionally light bronzes (δ124Sn < 0.2‰) in southern Serbia and the lower Danube river valley cannot be linked to a documented ore source. There is no indication of the use of ores from Cornwall or the East Pluton of the Erzgebirge in Central Europe and the Balkans during the Late Bronze Age.",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
title = "Provenance of tin in the Late Bronze Age balkans based on probabilistic and spatial analysis of Sn isotopes",
volume = "122",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2020.105181",
url = "conv_469"
}
Mason, A., Powell, W., Bankoff, A. H., Mathur, R., Price, M., Bulatović, A.,& Filipović, V.. (2020). Provenance of tin in the Late Bronze Age balkans based on probabilistic and spatial analysis of Sn isotopes. in Journal of Archaeological Science
Elsevier Inc.., 122.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2020.105181
conv_469
Mason A, Powell W, Bankoff AH, Mathur R, Price M, Bulatović A, Filipović V. Provenance of tin in the Late Bronze Age balkans based on probabilistic and spatial analysis of Sn isotopes. in Journal of Archaeological Science. 2020;122.
doi:10.1016/j.jas.2020.105181
conv_469 .
Mason, Andrea, Powell, Wayne, Bankoff, Arthur H., Mathur, Ryan, Price, M., Bulatović, Aleksandar, Filipović, Vojislav, "Provenance of tin in the Late Bronze Age balkans based on probabilistic and spatial analysis of Sn isotopes" in Journal of Archaeological Science, 122 (2020),
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2020.105181 .,
conv_469 .
9
11
12

Neke zabeleške o genezi ranog eneolita na centralnom Balkanu

Bulatović, Aleksandar; Bulatović, Aleksandar; Bankoff, Arthur H.; Powell, Wayne; Filipović, Vojislav

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2020)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Bankoff, Arthur H.
AU  - Powell, Wayne
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2020
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/344
AB  - U ovoj studiji reč je o nedovoljno jasno definisanom periodu na kraju neolita i početku eneolita na centralnom Balkanu. Glavna tema ovog teksta nisu razvoj i dezintegracija pozne vinčanske kulture, o čemu je dosta pisano u poslednje vreme, nego karakter i hronologija odnosa između pozne vinčanske kulture i ranoeneolitske grupe koja će je naslediti na ovoj teritoriji (Bubanj - Hum I kao regionalna varijanta kompleksa Bubanj-Salkuca-Krivodol - skraćeno BSK), kao i proces nastanka te grupe. Ova studija, stoga, analizira određene karakteristične keramičke forme koje potiču isključivo sa apsolutno datiranih lokaliteta, jednoslojnih ili onih sa dobro definisanom vertikalnom stratigrafijom, kao i hronologiju (apsolutne datume) kasnovinčanske kulture i grupe Bubanj - Hum I na centralnom Balkanu. Zbog specifičnih geografskih karakteristika centralnog Balkana, ali i radi lakšeg praćenja izlaganja, teritorija centralnog Balkana interpretirana je u radu putem dve zasebne geografske regije - prelazne regije (deo Posavine i Podrinja, baseni Jadra, Kolubare, Tamnave i donjeg toka Velike Morave, planina Cer, kao i pobrđe na jugu i istoku ograničeno planinama Gučevo, Povlen, Maljen, Suvobor i Rudnik) i planinske regije (planinska oblast centralnog Balkana). Analiza stilskih i tipoloških karakteristika keramike ukazala je na brojne zajedničke keramičke forme koje se javljaju kako u vinčanskoj kulturi (posebno kasnoj vinčanskoj kulturi), tako i u grupi Bubanj - Hum I. Razlike se uočavaju u površinskoj obradi, kvalitetu grnčarije i tehnici i motivima ukrašavanja. Teritorija grupe Bubanj - Hum I, takođe, u velikoj meri podudara se sa teritorijom kasnovinčanske kulture, a zanimljivo je da najraniji datumi za BSK kompleks, uključujući grupu Bubanj - Hum I, potiču sa perifernih područja njegove teritorije (Spančevo u dolini Bregalnice, Bodnjik u takozvanoj prelaznoj regiji centralnog Balkana i Ostorvul Corbului u Olteniji), što može da ukazuje na to da je ovaj ranoeneolitski kompleks proistekao iz vinčanske kulture i da se razvijao približno istovremeno u svim regionima počevši od oko 4450-4400. pre n. e. Ovi podaci bi mogli da dovedu u pitanje prethodnu tezu o raspadu vinčanske kulture i formiranju grupe Bubanj - Hum I, koja je isticala ulogu migracija stanovništva sa istoka u tom procesu, te da ukažu na to da je ranoeneolitski kompleks nastao približno istovremeno na celokupnoj svojoj teritoriji, na manje-više jedinstvenim, a najvećim delom autohtonim kulturnim osnovama. Rezultati analiza stilsko-tipoloških odlika karakterističnih keramičkih formi vinčanske kulture i kulturne grupe Bubanj - Hum I, uz osvrt na njihove ekonomske strategije, duhovnu kulturu, industriju okresanog kamena, topografiju i arhitekturu naselja kao i proces metalurgije, pokazuju da je prelazni period od kraja vinčanske kulture do pojave klasične Bubanj - Hum I grupe bio postepen i kontinuiran proces koji se na prostoru centralnog Balkana odvijao uz izvesne kulturne kontakte sa susednim zajednicama, posebno na istoku. Ovaj kulturni proces između 47. i 45. veka pre n. e. rezultirao je formiranjem grupe Bubanj - Hum I, koja će egzistirati tokom druge polovine V milenijuma na najvećem delu teritorije centralnog Balkana.
AB  - The study addresses an imprecisely defined period between the end of the Neolithic and the beginning of the Eneolithic in the Central Balkans. The study primarily refers to the characteristic ceramic forms common to both the Vinča culture and the Early Eneolithic groups, especially the Bubanj-Hum I group. The pottery under consideration originates exclusively from absolutely dated sites, single-layered sites, and sites that possess a well-defined vertical stratigraphy. The analyses of pottery, combined with brief reviews on economic strategies, the chipped stone industry, settlement topography and the process of metallurgy indicate that the transitional period from the Vinča culture to the Bubanj-Hum I group was a gradual process in the Central Balkans, without major external factors, yet continuous cultural contacts with the neighboring communities, especially into the East. This gradual process of vertical genetic transmission between the 47 th and the 45 th century calBC resulted in the formation of the Bubanj-Hum I group.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Starinar
T1  - Neke zabeleške o genezi ranog eneolita na centralnom Balkanu
T1  - Some remarks on the genesis of the Early Eneolithic in the Central Balkans
EP  - 40
IS  - 70
SP  - 9
DO  - 10.2298/STA2070009B
UR  - conv_484
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Bulatović, Aleksandar and Bulatović, Aleksandar and Bankoff, Arthur H. and Powell, Wayne and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2020",
abstract = "U ovoj studiji reč je o nedovoljno jasno definisanom periodu na kraju neolita i početku eneolita na centralnom Balkanu. Glavna tema ovog teksta nisu razvoj i dezintegracija pozne vinčanske kulture, o čemu je dosta pisano u poslednje vreme, nego karakter i hronologija odnosa između pozne vinčanske kulture i ranoeneolitske grupe koja će je naslediti na ovoj teritoriji (Bubanj - Hum I kao regionalna varijanta kompleksa Bubanj-Salkuca-Krivodol - skraćeno BSK), kao i proces nastanka te grupe. Ova studija, stoga, analizira određene karakteristične keramičke forme koje potiču isključivo sa apsolutno datiranih lokaliteta, jednoslojnih ili onih sa dobro definisanom vertikalnom stratigrafijom, kao i hronologiju (apsolutne datume) kasnovinčanske kulture i grupe Bubanj - Hum I na centralnom Balkanu. Zbog specifičnih geografskih karakteristika centralnog Balkana, ali i radi lakšeg praćenja izlaganja, teritorija centralnog Balkana interpretirana je u radu putem dve zasebne geografske regije - prelazne regije (deo Posavine i Podrinja, baseni Jadra, Kolubare, Tamnave i donjeg toka Velike Morave, planina Cer, kao i pobrđe na jugu i istoku ograničeno planinama Gučevo, Povlen, Maljen, Suvobor i Rudnik) i planinske regije (planinska oblast centralnog Balkana). Analiza stilskih i tipoloških karakteristika keramike ukazala je na brojne zajedničke keramičke forme koje se javljaju kako u vinčanskoj kulturi (posebno kasnoj vinčanskoj kulturi), tako i u grupi Bubanj - Hum I. Razlike se uočavaju u površinskoj obradi, kvalitetu grnčarije i tehnici i motivima ukrašavanja. Teritorija grupe Bubanj - Hum I, takođe, u velikoj meri podudara se sa teritorijom kasnovinčanske kulture, a zanimljivo je da najraniji datumi za BSK kompleks, uključujući grupu Bubanj - Hum I, potiču sa perifernih područja njegove teritorije (Spančevo u dolini Bregalnice, Bodnjik u takozvanoj prelaznoj regiji centralnog Balkana i Ostorvul Corbului u Olteniji), što može da ukazuje na to da je ovaj ranoeneolitski kompleks proistekao iz vinčanske kulture i da se razvijao približno istovremeno u svim regionima počevši od oko 4450-4400. pre n. e. Ovi podaci bi mogli da dovedu u pitanje prethodnu tezu o raspadu vinčanske kulture i formiranju grupe Bubanj - Hum I, koja je isticala ulogu migracija stanovništva sa istoka u tom procesu, te da ukažu na to da je ranoeneolitski kompleks nastao približno istovremeno na celokupnoj svojoj teritoriji, na manje-više jedinstvenim, a najvećim delom autohtonim kulturnim osnovama. Rezultati analiza stilsko-tipoloških odlika karakterističnih keramičkih formi vinčanske kulture i kulturne grupe Bubanj - Hum I, uz osvrt na njihove ekonomske strategije, duhovnu kulturu, industriju okresanog kamena, topografiju i arhitekturu naselja kao i proces metalurgije, pokazuju da je prelazni period od kraja vinčanske kulture do pojave klasične Bubanj - Hum I grupe bio postepen i kontinuiran proces koji se na prostoru centralnog Balkana odvijao uz izvesne kulturne kontakte sa susednim zajednicama, posebno na istoku. Ovaj kulturni proces između 47. i 45. veka pre n. e. rezultirao je formiranjem grupe Bubanj - Hum I, koja će egzistirati tokom druge polovine V milenijuma na najvećem delu teritorije centralnog Balkana., The study addresses an imprecisely defined period between the end of the Neolithic and the beginning of the Eneolithic in the Central Balkans. The study primarily refers to the characteristic ceramic forms common to both the Vinča culture and the Early Eneolithic groups, especially the Bubanj-Hum I group. The pottery under consideration originates exclusively from absolutely dated sites, single-layered sites, and sites that possess a well-defined vertical stratigraphy. The analyses of pottery, combined with brief reviews on economic strategies, the chipped stone industry, settlement topography and the process of metallurgy indicate that the transitional period from the Vinča culture to the Bubanj-Hum I group was a gradual process in the Central Balkans, without major external factors, yet continuous cultural contacts with the neighboring communities, especially into the East. This gradual process of vertical genetic transmission between the 47 th and the 45 th century calBC resulted in the formation of the Bubanj-Hum I group.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Starinar",
title = "Neke zabeleške o genezi ranog eneolita na centralnom Balkanu, Some remarks on the genesis of the Early Eneolithic in the Central Balkans",
pages = "40-9",
number = "70",
doi = "10.2298/STA2070009B",
url = "conv_484"
}
Bulatović, A., Bulatović, A., Bankoff, A. H., Powell, W.,& Filipović, V.. (2020). Neke zabeleške o genezi ranog eneolita na centralnom Balkanu. in Starinar
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(70), 9-40.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA2070009B
conv_484
Bulatović A, Bulatović A, Bankoff AH, Powell W, Filipović V. Neke zabeleške o genezi ranog eneolita na centralnom Balkanu. in Starinar. 2020;(70):9-40.
doi:10.2298/STA2070009B
conv_484 .
Bulatović, Aleksandar, Bulatović, Aleksandar, Bankoff, Arthur H., Powell, Wayne, Filipović, Vojislav, "Neke zabeleške o genezi ranog eneolita na centralnom Balkanu" in Starinar, no. 70 (2020):9-40,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA2070009B .,
conv_484 .
3
2

Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu i njegov značaj u praistoriji centralnog Pomoravlja - prilozi hronologiji, horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj stratigrafiji

Filipović, Vojislav; Mladenović, Ognjen; Vučković, Vesna P.

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2019)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Mladenović, Ognjen
AU  - Vučković, Vesna P.
PY  - 2019
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/301
AB  - Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu nalazi se u severoistočnom delu današnjeg grada, na prvoj rečnoj terasi Crnice, čija nadmorska visina varira između 130 m i 140 m, a koja zapravo predstavlja južne obronke Karađorđevog brda. Čitav lokalitet danas je prekriven modernim naseljem, koje je u velikoj meri oštetilo njegovu stratigrafiju, zbog čega nisu moguća istraživanja šireg obima. Poslednja arheološka istraživanja, preventivnog karaktera, realizovana su krajem 2018. godine u samom bolničkom krugu. Prikazan odabir arheološkog materijala potiče sa ukupno 11 tačaka iz kruga današnje Opšte bolnice u Paraćinu i njegove neposredne okoline, a prikupljan je sukcesivno još od 80-ih godina prošlog veka. Ulomci posuda što su u prethodne tri decenije dospeli u Zavičajni Muzej u Paraćinu ukazuju na postojanje najmanje četiri kulturno-hronološka horizonta na ovom lokalitetu - ranoneolitski, bronzanodopski, horizont starijeg gvozdenog doba i horizont mlađeg gvozdenog doba. Najveća pažnja posvećena je pre svega nalazima iz mlađeg gvozdenog doba, čiji oblici i karakter upućuju na poreklo sa teritorije današnje Rumunije, odnosno na materijal dačke provenijencije. Upravo su na tom prostoru pronađene brojne analogije materijalu koji potiče sa više lokaliteta na teritoriji grada Paraćina (Bolnica, Gloždak, Gloždak-Lidl) i njegove neposredne okoline. Poređenjem teritorijalno-stratigrafskih odnosa lokaliteta Bolnica sa njemu teritorijalno bliskim lokalitetom Motel Slatina došlo se do određenih zaključaka koji govore u prilog tome da se radi o jedinstvenom lokalitetu što je još početkom XX veka veštački podeljen izgradnjom Srpske fabrike stakla i auto-puta E-75. Tako posmatrano, lokalitet Bolnica, odnosno Bolnica / Motel Slatina predstavlja u stratigrafskom pogledu jedan od najbogatijih lokaliteta na prostoru centralnog Pomoravlja. Posebno je razmatran i položaj lokaliteta Bolnica u odnosu na glavne komunikacione pravce u praistorijskom i ranorimskom periodu, pa je zaključeno da je ova oblast predstavljala važnu raskrsnicu na kojoj su se susretali putevi koji su vodili sa severa na jug, ali i prema istoku, prema prostorima koji su gravitirali teritoriji naseljavanja dačkih populacija. Uporedna analiza keramičkog inventara sa lokaliteta Bolnica, rezultata starijih istraživanja u Paraćinu i postojećih istorijskih izvora ukazala je na mogućnost da postojanje materijalne kulture Dačana na ovom prostoru može biti posledica prisilnog premeštanja stanovništva tokom I veka naše ere. Naime, epigrafski izvori govore o tome da je tokom I veka naše ere, a verovatno između 61. i 64. godine, izvesni Silvan Elije, legat sa propretorskim ovlašćenjima, nasilno preselio 100.000 "prekodunavaca" na teritoriju tadašnje Mezije, današnje Srbije.
AB  - The paper presents the horizontal and vertical stratigraphy of the site of Bolnica in Paraćin, based on both earlier and the latest archaeological excavations and the material which had been collected for decades by the Hometown Museum in Paraćin, as a result of the construction works connected with the constant urbanisation of the area. The presented archaeological material is attributed to a period from the Early Neolithic to the so-called Dacian La Tène, meaning the 2nd century AD. One of the subjects discussed in this paper is the possibility that the sites of Bolnica and Motel Slatina, in fact, represent one large site, which was artificially divided by the E 75 highway and the Serbian Glass Factory. The comparative analysis, which encompassed the sites positioned on the right bank of the Velika Morava River, showed that this is one of the sites with the most independent chronological sequences in the Central Morava Region. Likewise, the importance of this site as a strategic point and an important intersection on the route from the Danube River to the Central Balkans, and further towards the south and East is underlined. Finally, we analysed the appearance of Dacian material culture during the 1st and the 2nd century AD and compared the occurrence of certain forms and decorations with relevant sites in present-day Romania. The paper cautiously suggests that the Dacian material culture represents traces of the deportation of 100,000 Transdanubians to the territory of Moesia by the legate Silvanus Aelianus, possibly between 61 AD and 64 AD, during the reign of Emperor Nero, which has been partially confirmed by new archaeological excavations at the site of Gloždak-Lidl during 2018.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Starinar
T1  - Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu i njegov značaj u praistoriji centralnog Pomoravlja - prilozi hronologiji, horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj stratigrafiji
T1  - Archaeological site of Bolnica in Paraćin and its importance for the prehistory of the Central Morava Region: A contribution in chronology and horizontal and vertical stratigraphy
EP  - 134
IS  - 69
SP  - 113
DO  - 10.2298/STa1969113F
UR  - conv_115
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Filipović, Vojislav and Mladenović, Ognjen and Vučković, Vesna P.",
year = "2019",
abstract = "Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu nalazi se u severoistočnom delu današnjeg grada, na prvoj rečnoj terasi Crnice, čija nadmorska visina varira između 130 m i 140 m, a koja zapravo predstavlja južne obronke Karađorđevog brda. Čitav lokalitet danas je prekriven modernim naseljem, koje je u velikoj meri oštetilo njegovu stratigrafiju, zbog čega nisu moguća istraživanja šireg obima. Poslednja arheološka istraživanja, preventivnog karaktera, realizovana su krajem 2018. godine u samom bolničkom krugu. Prikazan odabir arheološkog materijala potiče sa ukupno 11 tačaka iz kruga današnje Opšte bolnice u Paraćinu i njegove neposredne okoline, a prikupljan je sukcesivno još od 80-ih godina prošlog veka. Ulomci posuda što su u prethodne tri decenije dospeli u Zavičajni Muzej u Paraćinu ukazuju na postojanje najmanje četiri kulturno-hronološka horizonta na ovom lokalitetu - ranoneolitski, bronzanodopski, horizont starijeg gvozdenog doba i horizont mlađeg gvozdenog doba. Najveća pažnja posvećena je pre svega nalazima iz mlađeg gvozdenog doba, čiji oblici i karakter upućuju na poreklo sa teritorije današnje Rumunije, odnosno na materijal dačke provenijencije. Upravo su na tom prostoru pronađene brojne analogije materijalu koji potiče sa više lokaliteta na teritoriji grada Paraćina (Bolnica, Gloždak, Gloždak-Lidl) i njegove neposredne okoline. Poređenjem teritorijalno-stratigrafskih odnosa lokaliteta Bolnica sa njemu teritorijalno bliskim lokalitetom Motel Slatina došlo se do određenih zaključaka koji govore u prilog tome da se radi o jedinstvenom lokalitetu što je još početkom XX veka veštački podeljen izgradnjom Srpske fabrike stakla i auto-puta E-75. Tako posmatrano, lokalitet Bolnica, odnosno Bolnica / Motel Slatina predstavlja u stratigrafskom pogledu jedan od najbogatijih lokaliteta na prostoru centralnog Pomoravlja. Posebno je razmatran i položaj lokaliteta Bolnica u odnosu na glavne komunikacione pravce u praistorijskom i ranorimskom periodu, pa je zaključeno da je ova oblast predstavljala važnu raskrsnicu na kojoj su se susretali putevi koji su vodili sa severa na jug, ali i prema istoku, prema prostorima koji su gravitirali teritoriji naseljavanja dačkih populacija. Uporedna analiza keramičkog inventara sa lokaliteta Bolnica, rezultata starijih istraživanja u Paraćinu i postojećih istorijskih izvora ukazala je na mogućnost da postojanje materijalne kulture Dačana na ovom prostoru može biti posledica prisilnog premeštanja stanovništva tokom I veka naše ere. Naime, epigrafski izvori govore o tome da je tokom I veka naše ere, a verovatno između 61. i 64. godine, izvesni Silvan Elije, legat sa propretorskim ovlašćenjima, nasilno preselio 100.000 "prekodunavaca" na teritoriju tadašnje Mezije, današnje Srbije., The paper presents the horizontal and vertical stratigraphy of the site of Bolnica in Paraćin, based on both earlier and the latest archaeological excavations and the material which had been collected for decades by the Hometown Museum in Paraćin, as a result of the construction works connected with the constant urbanisation of the area. The presented archaeological material is attributed to a period from the Early Neolithic to the so-called Dacian La Tène, meaning the 2nd century AD. One of the subjects discussed in this paper is the possibility that the sites of Bolnica and Motel Slatina, in fact, represent one large site, which was artificially divided by the E 75 highway and the Serbian Glass Factory. The comparative analysis, which encompassed the sites positioned on the right bank of the Velika Morava River, showed that this is one of the sites with the most independent chronological sequences in the Central Morava Region. Likewise, the importance of this site as a strategic point and an important intersection on the route from the Danube River to the Central Balkans, and further towards the south and East is underlined. Finally, we analysed the appearance of Dacian material culture during the 1st and the 2nd century AD and compared the occurrence of certain forms and decorations with relevant sites in present-day Romania. The paper cautiously suggests that the Dacian material culture represents traces of the deportation of 100,000 Transdanubians to the territory of Moesia by the legate Silvanus Aelianus, possibly between 61 AD and 64 AD, during the reign of Emperor Nero, which has been partially confirmed by new archaeological excavations at the site of Gloždak-Lidl during 2018.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Starinar",
title = "Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu i njegov značaj u praistoriji centralnog Pomoravlja - prilozi hronologiji, horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj stratigrafiji, Archaeological site of Bolnica in Paraćin and its importance for the prehistory of the Central Morava Region: A contribution in chronology and horizontal and vertical stratigraphy",
pages = "134-113",
number = "69",
doi = "10.2298/STa1969113F",
url = "conv_115"
}
Filipović, V., Mladenović, O.,& Vučković, V. P.. (2019). Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu i njegov značaj u praistoriji centralnog Pomoravlja - prilozi hronologiji, horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj stratigrafiji. in Starinar
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(69), 113-134.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STa1969113F
conv_115
Filipović V, Mladenović O, Vučković VP. Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu i njegov značaj u praistoriji centralnog Pomoravlja - prilozi hronologiji, horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj stratigrafiji. in Starinar. 2019;(69):113-134.
doi:10.2298/STa1969113F
conv_115 .
Filipović, Vojislav, Mladenović, Ognjen, Vučković, Vesna P., "Lokalitet Bolnica u Paraćinu i njegov značaj u praistoriji centralnog Pomoravlja - prilozi hronologiji, horizontalnoj i vertikalnoj stratigrafiji" in Starinar, no. 69 (2019):113-134,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STa1969113F .,
conv_115 .

Copper isotopes as a means of determining regional metallurgical practices in European prehistory: A reply to Jansen

Powell, Wayne; Mathur, Ryan; Bankoff, Arthur H.; John, J.; Chvojka, O.; Tisucka, M.; Bulatović, Aleksandar; Filipović, Vojislav

(Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London, 2018)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Powell, Wayne
AU  - Mathur, Ryan
AU  - Bankoff, Arthur H.
AU  - John, J.
AU  - Chvojka, O.
AU  - Tisucka, M.
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2018
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/294
AB  - We present a detailed response to the critique by Mr. Jansen of the paper "Digging Deeper: Insights into Metallurgical Transitions in European Prehistory through Copper Isotopes". When we consider Cu isotope ratios of European Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age artifacts in the context of their local geological settings, climates, and archaeological contexts, Mr. Jansen's hypothesis that Cu-63 enrichment results from the adoption of fahlore ores is untenable. In both Serbia and Central Europe, the earliest copper production is associated with Cu-65-enriched ores and subsequently produced artifacts yield lower ranges delta Cu-65. This shift in Cu isotopic composition correlates with the initial use of predominantly hypogene ores, not with variations in their trace element content. Essentially the expanded dataset supports the conclusions that were presented in the original paper-Cu isotopes are an effective means of delineating the transition from oxide-based smelting to methodologically more complex smelting of sulphide ores in prehistoric Europe with its relatively limited production and trade. Mixing did not mask the critical Cu isotope signatures in this setting. Therefore, Cu isotope compositions of artifacts can be used to interpret the mineralogical character of the ores from which they were produced, regardless of their provenance, as long as trade networks remained within a region of similar climatic history.
PB  - Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London
T2  - Journal of Archaeological Science
T1  - Copper isotopes as a means of determining regional metallurgical practices in European prehistory: A reply to Jansen
EP  - 221
SP  - 216
VL  - 93
DO  - 10.1016/j.jas.2018.02.015
UR  - conv_321
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Powell, Wayne and Mathur, Ryan and Bankoff, Arthur H. and John, J. and Chvojka, O. and Tisucka, M. and Bulatović, Aleksandar and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2018",
abstract = "We present a detailed response to the critique by Mr. Jansen of the paper "Digging Deeper: Insights into Metallurgical Transitions in European Prehistory through Copper Isotopes". When we consider Cu isotope ratios of European Eneolithic and Early Bronze Age artifacts in the context of their local geological settings, climates, and archaeological contexts, Mr. Jansen's hypothesis that Cu-63 enrichment results from the adoption of fahlore ores is untenable. In both Serbia and Central Europe, the earliest copper production is associated with Cu-65-enriched ores and subsequently produced artifacts yield lower ranges delta Cu-65. This shift in Cu isotopic composition correlates with the initial use of predominantly hypogene ores, not with variations in their trace element content. Essentially the expanded dataset supports the conclusions that were presented in the original paper-Cu isotopes are an effective means of delineating the transition from oxide-based smelting to methodologically more complex smelting of sulphide ores in prehistoric Europe with its relatively limited production and trade. Mixing did not mask the critical Cu isotope signatures in this setting. Therefore, Cu isotope compositions of artifacts can be used to interpret the mineralogical character of the ores from which they were produced, regardless of their provenance, as long as trade networks remained within a region of similar climatic history.",
publisher = "Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
title = "Copper isotopes as a means of determining regional metallurgical practices in European prehistory: A reply to Jansen",
pages = "221-216",
volume = "93",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2018.02.015",
url = "conv_321"
}
Powell, W., Mathur, R., Bankoff, A. H., John, J., Chvojka, O., Tisucka, M., Bulatović, A.,& Filipović, V.. (2018). Copper isotopes as a means of determining regional metallurgical practices in European prehistory: A reply to Jansen. in Journal of Archaeological Science
Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London., 93, 216-221.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2018.02.015
conv_321
Powell W, Mathur R, Bankoff AH, John J, Chvojka O, Tisucka M, Bulatović A, Filipović V. Copper isotopes as a means of determining regional metallurgical practices in European prehistory: A reply to Jansen. in Journal of Archaeological Science. 2018;93:216-221.
doi:10.1016/j.jas.2018.02.015
conv_321 .
Powell, Wayne, Mathur, Ryan, Bankoff, Arthur H., John, J., Chvojka, O., Tisucka, M., Bulatović, Aleksandar, Filipović, Vojislav, "Copper isotopes as a means of determining regional metallurgical practices in European prehistory: A reply to Jansen" in Journal of Archaeological Science, 93 (2018):216-221,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2018.02.015 .,
conv_321 .
1
5
5

Digging deeper: Insights into metallurgical transitions in European prehistory through copper isotopes

Powell, Wayne; Mathur, Ryan; Bankoff, Arthur H.; Mason, Andrea; Bulatović, Aleksandar; Filipović, Vojislav; Godfrey, Linda

(Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Powell, Wayne
AU  - Mathur, Ryan
AU  - Bankoff, Arthur H.
AU  - Mason, Andrea
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Godfrey, Linda
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/267
AB  - Southeastern Europe is the birthplace of metallurgy, with evidence of copper smelting at ca. 5000 BCE. There the later Eneolithic (Copper Age) was associated with the casting of massive copper tools. However, copper metallurgy in this region ceased, or significantly decreased, centuries before the dawn of the Bronze Age. Archaeologists continue to be debate whether this hiatus was imposed on early metalworking communities as a result of exhaustion of workable mineral resources, or instead a cultural transition that was associated with changes in depositional practices and material culture. Copper isotopes provide a broadly applicable means of addressing this question. Copper isotopes fractionate in the near-surface environment such that surficial oxide ores can be differentiated from non-weathered sulphide ores that occur at greater depth. This compositional variation is transferred to associated copper artifacts, the final product of the metallurgical process. In the central Balkans, a shift from 65Cu-enriched to 65Cu-depleted copper artifacts occurs across the metallurgical hiatus at the Eneolithic-Bronze Age boundary, ca. 2500 BCE. This indicates that the reemergence of metal production at the beginning of the Bronze Age is associated with pyrotechnical advancements that allowed for the extraction of copper from sulphide ore. Thus copper isotopes provide direct evidence that the copper hiatus was the result of exhaustion of near-surface oxide ores after one-and-a-half millennia of mining, and that the beginning of the Bronze Age in the Balkans is associated with the introduction of more complex smelting techniques for metal extraction from regionally abundant sulphidic deposits.
PB  - Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London
T2  - Journal of Archaeological Science
T1  - Digging deeper: Insights into metallurgical transitions in European prehistory through copper isotopes
EP  - 46
SP  - 37
VL  - 88
DO  - 10.1016/j.jas.2017.06.012
UR  - conv_361
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Powell, Wayne and Mathur, Ryan and Bankoff, Arthur H. and Mason, Andrea and Bulatović, Aleksandar and Filipović, Vojislav and Godfrey, Linda",
year = "2017",
abstract = "Southeastern Europe is the birthplace of metallurgy, with evidence of copper smelting at ca. 5000 BCE. There the later Eneolithic (Copper Age) was associated with the casting of massive copper tools. However, copper metallurgy in this region ceased, or significantly decreased, centuries before the dawn of the Bronze Age. Archaeologists continue to be debate whether this hiatus was imposed on early metalworking communities as a result of exhaustion of workable mineral resources, or instead a cultural transition that was associated with changes in depositional practices and material culture. Copper isotopes provide a broadly applicable means of addressing this question. Copper isotopes fractionate in the near-surface environment such that surficial oxide ores can be differentiated from non-weathered sulphide ores that occur at greater depth. This compositional variation is transferred to associated copper artifacts, the final product of the metallurgical process. In the central Balkans, a shift from 65Cu-enriched to 65Cu-depleted copper artifacts occurs across the metallurgical hiatus at the Eneolithic-Bronze Age boundary, ca. 2500 BCE. This indicates that the reemergence of metal production at the beginning of the Bronze Age is associated with pyrotechnical advancements that allowed for the extraction of copper from sulphide ore. Thus copper isotopes provide direct evidence that the copper hiatus was the result of exhaustion of near-surface oxide ores after one-and-a-half millennia of mining, and that the beginning of the Bronze Age in the Balkans is associated with the introduction of more complex smelting techniques for metal extraction from regionally abundant sulphidic deposits.",
publisher = "Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
title = "Digging deeper: Insights into metallurgical transitions in European prehistory through copper isotopes",
pages = "46-37",
volume = "88",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2017.06.012",
url = "conv_361"
}
Powell, W., Mathur, R., Bankoff, A. H., Mason, A., Bulatović, A., Filipović, V.,& Godfrey, L.. (2017). Digging deeper: Insights into metallurgical transitions in European prehistory through copper isotopes. in Journal of Archaeological Science
Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London., 88, 37-46.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2017.06.012
conv_361
Powell W, Mathur R, Bankoff AH, Mason A, Bulatović A, Filipović V, Godfrey L. Digging deeper: Insights into metallurgical transitions in European prehistory through copper isotopes. in Journal of Archaeological Science. 2017;88:37-46.
doi:10.1016/j.jas.2017.06.012
conv_361 .
Powell, Wayne, Mathur, Ryan, Bankoff, Arthur H., Mason, Andrea, Bulatović, Aleksandar, Filipović, Vojislav, Godfrey, Linda, "Digging deeper: Insights into metallurgical transitions in European prehistory through copper isotopes" in Journal of Archaeological Science, 88 (2017):37-46,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2017.06.012 .,
conv_361 .
13
19
7
20

Contribution to the Study of Astragal Belt Segments from the Territory of Central and Southeastern Europe

Filipović, Vojislav; Mladenović, Ognjen

(Inst Arheologiju, Zagreb, 2017)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Mladenović, Ognjen
PY  - 2017
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/269
AB  - In this paper the authors present new and unpublished finds of astragal belts segments, as well as those examples published in less available literature. Based on the classifications by previous researchers, and minor contributions by the authors, a total of five types of segments have been defined - Glasinac, Shtojit, Banostor, Syrmian and Dunaszekcso. The Syrmian type was further divided into three variations: Osijek, Belgrade, and Macva. The first astragal belt segments are considered to be examples of the Glasinac type that marked the period from the beginning of the 6th cent. BC until the middle of the 5th cent. BC. The Shtojit type, which is geographically very limited, developed in the territory of present day Albania. In the middle of late 6th cent. BC, the Banostor type occurs, and further chronological development lead to the Syrmian type and its variants Osijek, Macva, and Belgrade. During the period between the middle of 6th and the middle of 3rd cent. BC, these types of belt segments encompassed a large territory in the Danube and Sava river regions, and to a lesser extent the Morava river region. At the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC, the Dunaszekcso type also occurs, encompassing a vast territory of the Danube, Sava, Tisza, Mures, and Morava river regions.(2)
PB  - Inst Arheologiju, Zagreb
T2  - Prilozi Instituta za Arheologiju
T1  - Contribution to the Study of Astragal Belt Segments from the Territory of Central and Southeastern Europe
EP  - 183
IS  - 1
SP  - 143
VL  - 34
UR  - conv_362
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Filipović, Vojislav and Mladenović, Ognjen",
year = "2017",
abstract = "In this paper the authors present new and unpublished finds of astragal belts segments, as well as those examples published in less available literature. Based on the classifications by previous researchers, and minor contributions by the authors, a total of five types of segments have been defined - Glasinac, Shtojit, Banostor, Syrmian and Dunaszekcso. The Syrmian type was further divided into three variations: Osijek, Belgrade, and Macva. The first astragal belt segments are considered to be examples of the Glasinac type that marked the period from the beginning of the 6th cent. BC until the middle of the 5th cent. BC. The Shtojit type, which is geographically very limited, developed in the territory of present day Albania. In the middle of late 6th cent. BC, the Banostor type occurs, and further chronological development lead to the Syrmian type and its variants Osijek, Macva, and Belgrade. During the period between the middle of 6th and the middle of 3rd cent. BC, these types of belt segments encompassed a large territory in the Danube and Sava river regions, and to a lesser extent the Morava river region. At the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC, the Dunaszekcso type also occurs, encompassing a vast territory of the Danube, Sava, Tisza, Mures, and Morava river regions.(2)",
publisher = "Inst Arheologiju, Zagreb",
journal = "Prilozi Instituta za Arheologiju",
title = "Contribution to the Study of Astragal Belt Segments from the Territory of Central and Southeastern Europe",
pages = "183-143",
number = "1",
volume = "34",
url = "conv_362"
}
Filipović, V.,& Mladenović, O.. (2017). Contribution to the Study of Astragal Belt Segments from the Territory of Central and Southeastern Europe. in Prilozi Instituta za Arheologiju
Inst Arheologiju, Zagreb., 34(1), 143-183.
conv_362
Filipović V, Mladenović O. Contribution to the Study of Astragal Belt Segments from the Territory of Central and Southeastern Europe. in Prilozi Instituta za Arheologiju. 2017;34(1):143-183.
conv_362 .
Filipović, Vojislav, Mladenović, Ognjen, "Contribution to the Study of Astragal Belt Segments from the Territory of Central and Southeastern Europe" in Prilozi Instituta za Arheologiju, 34, no. 1 (2017):143-183,
conv_362 .
1

The bronze signum from Timacum Maius and its cultic attribution

Petrović, Vladimir P.; Filipović, Vojislav

(Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petrović, Vladimir P.
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/251
AB  - The bronze signum discussed in this paper was discovered by archaeological
   ex­cavation on the site of Timacum Maius in 2010. Found in the area of a
   luxurious Roman-period building, the artefact shows a tapering body with a
   central conical socket similar to a spearhead socket. It is one of the
   twenty-three known signa of the so-called classical-type. Most of them were
   found in the context of the cult of Jupiter Dolichenus, and we also presume
   the cultic purpose of the bronze signum from Timacum Maius. A similar find
   comes from Jupiter Dolichenus’ shrine in Egeta on the Danube limes with an
   inscription that connects it directly with the Dolichenian cult, and with the
   First Cohort of Cretans (Cohors I Cretum), the unit which had previously been
   stationed at Timacus Maius. The signum from Timacum Maius is most likely also
   connected with the cult of Jupiter Dolichenus and chronologically belongs to
   a period which is much earlier than the Severan age.
PB  - Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Balcanica
T1  - The bronze signum from Timacum Maius and its cultic attribution
EP  - 33
IS  - 47
SP  - 25
DO  - 10.2298/BALC1647025P
UR  - conv_646
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petrović, Vladimir P. and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2016",
abstract = "The bronze signum discussed in this paper was discovered by archaeological
   ex­cavation on the site of Timacum Maius in 2010. Found in the area of a
   luxurious Roman-period building, the artefact shows a tapering body with a
   central conical socket similar to a spearhead socket. It is one of the
   twenty-three known signa of the so-called classical-type. Most of them were
   found in the context of the cult of Jupiter Dolichenus, and we also presume
   the cultic purpose of the bronze signum from Timacum Maius. A similar find
   comes from Jupiter Dolichenus’ shrine in Egeta on the Danube limes with an
   inscription that connects it directly with the Dolichenian cult, and with the
   First Cohort of Cretans (Cohors I Cretum), the unit which had previously been
   stationed at Timacus Maius. The signum from Timacum Maius is most likely also
   connected with the cult of Jupiter Dolichenus and chronologically belongs to
   a period which is much earlier than the Severan age.",
publisher = "Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Balcanica",
title = "The bronze signum from Timacum Maius and its cultic attribution",
pages = "33-25",
number = "47",
doi = "10.2298/BALC1647025P",
url = "conv_646"
}
Petrović, V. P.,& Filipović, V.. (2016). The bronze signum from Timacum Maius and its cultic attribution. in Balcanica
Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd.(47), 25-33.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BALC1647025P
conv_646
Petrović VP, Filipović V. The bronze signum from Timacum Maius and its cultic attribution. in Balcanica. 2016;(47):25-33.
doi:10.2298/BALC1647025P
conv_646 .
Petrović, Vladimir P., Filipović, Vojislav, "The bronze signum from Timacum Maius and its cultic attribution" in Balcanica, no. 47 (2016):25-33,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BALC1647025P .,
conv_646 .

Tin isotope characterization of bronze artifacts of the central Balkans

Mason, Andrea; Powell, Wayne; Bankoff, Arthur H.; Mathur, Ryan; Bulatović, Aleksandar; Filipović, Vojislav; Ruiz, J.

(Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Mason, Andrea
AU  - Powell, Wayne
AU  - Bankoff, Arthur H.
AU  - Mathur, Ryan
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Ruiz, J.
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/256
AB  - Isotopic analysis has proved to be an effective approach to determine the provenance of copper ore sources for the production of bronze artifacts. More recently, methods for Sn isotopic analysis of bronze have been developed. However, the viability of tin isotopes as a means to define groupings that may be attributed to varying ore sources, production methods, or recycling is still in question. In part, this is due to the numerically and/or geographically limited nature of published datasets. This study reports on the Sn isotopic composition of 52 artifacts from the later Bronze Age (1500-1100 BCE) from Serbia and western Romania. The majority of samples cluster between 0.4 and 0.8 per mil for delta Sn-124, and 0.2 and 0.4 per mil for delta Sn-120 (relative to NIST SRM 3161A), and this isotopic grouping of bronze artifacts occurs across Serbia. However, groupings of isotopically heavier and lighter artifacts are evident, and each corresponds to a more limited geographic range. Artifacts associated with higher delta Sn values are limited to the Vojvodina region of northern Serbia, whereas a cluster of bronzes with lower Sn-isotopic signatures are constrained to the Banat along the Serbia-Romania border, and Transylvania. One low-value outlier corresponds to an uncontextualized find near Krusevac at the southern extent of the study area. Geographic correlation of the low-value cluster with known tin mineralization in Transylvania, and the moderate-value cluster with placer tin deposits of western Serbia, suggests that these distinct bronze Sn-isotopic signatures might reflect exploitation of different tin ores. The small cluster of high Sn-isotopic values from bronzes from the Vojvodina region might reflect bronze recycling in this area that lies furthest from both known tin ore sources.
PB  - Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London
T2  - Journal of Archaeological Science
T1  - Tin isotope characterization of bronze artifacts of the central Balkans
EP  - 117
SP  - 110
VL  - 69
DO  - 10.1016/j.jas.2016.04.012
UR  - conv_367
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Mason, Andrea and Powell, Wayne and Bankoff, Arthur H. and Mathur, Ryan and Bulatović, Aleksandar and Filipović, Vojislav and Ruiz, J.",
year = "2016",
abstract = "Isotopic analysis has proved to be an effective approach to determine the provenance of copper ore sources for the production of bronze artifacts. More recently, methods for Sn isotopic analysis of bronze have been developed. However, the viability of tin isotopes as a means to define groupings that may be attributed to varying ore sources, production methods, or recycling is still in question. In part, this is due to the numerically and/or geographically limited nature of published datasets. This study reports on the Sn isotopic composition of 52 artifacts from the later Bronze Age (1500-1100 BCE) from Serbia and western Romania. The majority of samples cluster between 0.4 and 0.8 per mil for delta Sn-124, and 0.2 and 0.4 per mil for delta Sn-120 (relative to NIST SRM 3161A), and this isotopic grouping of bronze artifacts occurs across Serbia. However, groupings of isotopically heavier and lighter artifacts are evident, and each corresponds to a more limited geographic range. Artifacts associated with higher delta Sn values are limited to the Vojvodina region of northern Serbia, whereas a cluster of bronzes with lower Sn-isotopic signatures are constrained to the Banat along the Serbia-Romania border, and Transylvania. One low-value outlier corresponds to an uncontextualized find near Krusevac at the southern extent of the study area. Geographic correlation of the low-value cluster with known tin mineralization in Transylvania, and the moderate-value cluster with placer tin deposits of western Serbia, suggests that these distinct bronze Sn-isotopic signatures might reflect exploitation of different tin ores. The small cluster of high Sn-isotopic values from bronzes from the Vojvodina region might reflect bronze recycling in this area that lies furthest from both known tin ore sources.",
publisher = "Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London",
journal = "Journal of Archaeological Science",
title = "Tin isotope characterization of bronze artifacts of the central Balkans",
pages = "117-110",
volume = "69",
doi = "10.1016/j.jas.2016.04.012",
url = "conv_367"
}
Mason, A., Powell, W., Bankoff, A. H., Mathur, R., Bulatović, A., Filipović, V.,& Ruiz, J.. (2016). Tin isotope characterization of bronze artifacts of the central Balkans. in Journal of Archaeological Science
Academic Press Ltd- Elsevier Science Ltd, London., 69, 110-117.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.04.012
conv_367
Mason A, Powell W, Bankoff AH, Mathur R, Bulatović A, Filipović V, Ruiz J. Tin isotope characterization of bronze artifacts of the central Balkans. in Journal of Archaeological Science. 2016;69:110-117.
doi:10.1016/j.jas.2016.04.012
conv_367 .
Mason, Andrea, Powell, Wayne, Bankoff, Arthur H., Mathur, Ryan, Bulatović, Aleksandar, Filipović, Vojislav, Ruiz, J., "Tin isotope characterization of bronze artifacts of the central Balkans" in Journal of Archaeological Science, 69 (2016):110-117,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2016.04.012 .,
conv_367 .
4
30
16
30

An AMS dated late Bronze Age grave from the mound necropolis at Paulje

Gligorić, Rada; Filipović, Vojislav; Bulatović, Aleksandar

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2016)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Gligorić, Rada
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
PY  - 2016
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/246
AB  - The subject of the paper is a closed entity - an incineration grave from
   northwest Serbia, dated to the developed Bronze Age, with an absolute date
   obtained by AMS (Accelerator mass spectrometry). The sample was taken from
   the wooden support on which the urn with the bones of the deceased and bronze
   jewellery was placed. The date obtained corresponds to the 14th century B.C.
   and confirms earlier proposed suppositions concerning the chronological
   determination of the necropolises from the territory of Jadar, Podgorina and
   Lower Podrinje.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Starinar
T1  - An AMS dated late Bronze Age grave from the mound necropolis at Paulje
EP  - 109
IS  - 66
SP  - 103
DO  - 10.2298/STA1666103G
UR  - conv_660
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Gligorić, Rada and Filipović, Vojislav and Bulatović, Aleksandar",
year = "2016",
abstract = "The subject of the paper is a closed entity - an incineration grave from
   northwest Serbia, dated to the developed Bronze Age, with an absolute date
   obtained by AMS (Accelerator mass spectrometry). The sample was taken from
   the wooden support on which the urn with the bones of the deceased and bronze
   jewellery was placed. The date obtained corresponds to the 14th century B.C.
   and confirms earlier proposed suppositions concerning the chronological
   determination of the necropolises from the territory of Jadar, Podgorina and
   Lower Podrinje.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Starinar",
title = "An AMS dated late Bronze Age grave from the mound necropolis at Paulje",
pages = "109-103",
number = "66",
doi = "10.2298/STA1666103G",
url = "conv_660"
}
Gligorić, R., Filipović, V.,& Bulatović, A.. (2016). An AMS dated late Bronze Age grave from the mound necropolis at Paulje. in Starinar
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(66), 103-109.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA1666103G
conv_660
Gligorić R, Filipović V, Bulatović A. An AMS dated late Bronze Age grave from the mound necropolis at Paulje. in Starinar. 2016;(66):103-109.
doi:10.2298/STA1666103G
conv_660 .
Gligorić, Rada, Filipović, Vojislav, Bulatović, Aleksandar, "An AMS dated late Bronze Age grave from the mound necropolis at Paulje" in Starinar, no. 66 (2016):103-109,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA1666103G .,
conv_660 .
1

The first Cohort of Cretans, a roman military unit at Timacum Maius

Petrović, Vladimir P.; Filipović, Vojislav

(Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petrović, Vladimir P.
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/240
AB  - Archaeological investigations on the site of Niševac (Timacum Maius) have
   been conducted over a period of eight successive years by the Institute for
   Balkan Studies in collaboration with the Centre for Tourism, Culture and
   Sports of Svrljig and the French Bordeaux-based Ausonius Institute. The 2014
   campaign came up with nine Roman bricks stamped with inscriptions of the
   First Cohort of Cretans (Cohors I Cretum) built into the walls of a Roman
   bath. The inscriptions provide evi­dence for the character, chronology and
   history of the Roman settlement.
PB  - Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Balcanica
T1  - The first Cohort of Cretans, a roman military unit at Timacum Maius
EP  - 39
IS  - 46
SP  - 33
DO  - 10.2298/BALC1546033P
UR  - conv_650
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petrović, Vladimir P. and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2015",
abstract = "Archaeological investigations on the site of Niševac (Timacum Maius) have
   been conducted over a period of eight successive years by the Institute for
   Balkan Studies in collaboration with the Centre for Tourism, Culture and
   Sports of Svrljig and the French Bordeaux-based Ausonius Institute. The 2014
   campaign came up with nine Roman bricks stamped with inscriptions of the
   First Cohort of Cretans (Cohors I Cretum) built into the walls of a Roman
   bath. The inscriptions provide evi­dence for the character, chronology and
   history of the Roman settlement.",
publisher = "Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Balcanica",
title = "The first Cohort of Cretans, a roman military unit at Timacum Maius",
pages = "39-33",
number = "46",
doi = "10.2298/BALC1546033P",
url = "conv_650"
}
Petrović, V. P.,& Filipović, V.. (2015). The first Cohort of Cretans, a roman military unit at Timacum Maius. in Balcanica
Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd.(46), 33-39.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BALC1546033P
conv_650
Petrović VP, Filipović V. The first Cohort of Cretans, a roman military unit at Timacum Maius. in Balcanica. 2015;(46):33-39.
doi:10.2298/BALC1546033P
conv_650 .
Petrović, Vladimir P., Filipović, Vojislav, "The first Cohort of Cretans, a roman military unit at Timacum Maius" in Balcanica, no. 46 (2015):33-39,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BALC1546033P .,
conv_650 .
2
2

Naoružanje i ratnička oprema u kulturama poznog bronzanog i starijeg gvozdenog doba na teritoriji Srbije, Makedonije, Crne Gore i Albanije

Filipović, Vojislav

(Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet, 2015)

TY  - THES
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2015
UR  - https://nardus.mpn.gov.rs/handle/123456789/4268
UR  - http://eteze.bg.ac.rs/application/showtheses?thesesId=2346
UR  - https://fedorabg.bg.ac.rs/fedora/get/o:10290/bdef:Content/download
UR  - http://vbs.rs/scripts/cobiss?command=DISPLAY&base=70036&RID=526147991
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/5
AB  - Proučavanje naoružanja i ratničke opreme u kulturama bronzanog i gvozdenog doba na teritoriji centralnog i jugoistočnog Balkana nije detaljnije proučavano još od osvita arheologije na ovim prostorima. Pojedine monografije ili njihovi delovi u svome fokusu imale su i ovo pitanje, ali se njime bavilo ili u uskom predmetnom kontekstu, ili pak u širokom prostornom kontekstu. Period koji je obuhvaćen ovim radom obuhvata otprilike jedan milenijum, a reč je o poznom bron- zanom i starijem gvozdenom dobu, odnosno o vremenu između 1500/1450. godine pre n.e. i 450/425. godine pre n.e., tj. srednjoevropske hronološke faze od početka pe- rioda Br C pa do kraja perioda Ha D. Ova teza imala je za cilj izradu kompleksne analize naoružanja i ratničke opreme na pomenutim prostorima, s obzirom na to da u dosadašnjim radovima toj problematici nije poklanjana adekvatna pažnja, i, da do sada ovim predmetima u celini nije posvećena ni jedna sintetska monogra- fija, ili manja celovita publikacija. Početni metodološki postupak bilo je sakupljanje već objavljene građe sa is- traživanog područja, ali i neposredni uvid u inventar muzejskih zbirki, tamo gde je to moguće i gde je takav materijal dosupan. U uvodnom delu dati su osnovni po- daci o geografiji, topografiji i geologiji razmatrane teritorije, sa naglaskom na rudnim ležištima metala, važnih u kontekstu proizvodnje oružja i ratničke op- reme. Takođe, detaljno su analizirane prirodne i istorijske komunikacije i puni pravci na ovoj teritoriji, važni zbog potencijalnih prodora određenih kultura i transporta/trgovine određenih tipova oružja u istraživanom periodu. U sledećem poglavlju precizirani su i definisani hronološki okviri teme, zatim arheološke kulture koje obuhvataju pomenuti period i teritoriju, dok su na kraju prikazane osnovne klase oružja i ratničke opreme sa detaljnim opisom primeraka i osnovnom tipologijom koja je korišćena u katalogu predmeta. Najobimniji deo rada svakako predstavlja katalog nalaza, u kojem su obrađeni svi odgovarajući predmeti, ukupno njih 1.000 sa proučavane teritorije uz tekstu- alni opis i ilustraciju, kontekst i uslove nalaza, a koji su klasifikovani po fa- zama u pozno bronzano doba (faze 1 i 2) i starije gvozdeno doba (faze 3 i 4), i dalje po celinama: defanzivna oprema (šlemovi, knemide, oklopi i štitovi), ofanzi- vno oružje (sekire, bodeži, mačevi, koplja i strele) i posebni nalazi (kalupi za livenje oružja i opreme i kameni brusevi). Nakon sakupljanja građe, izvršena je analiza podataka, paralelno sa pojedi- načnom analizom nalaza kroz hronološke periode i utvrđivanje njihovog tipa i dispozicije, kao i eventulne povezanosti sa tadašnjim arheološkim kulturama ili poznatim paleobalkanskim plemenima. U radu je predložena šema tipologije oružja za navedenu teritoriju, koja je ili kompilacija već postojećih tipoloških rešenja za određene vrste oružja i opreme koje su bile najkompletnije i najcelis- hodnije za problematiku kojim se ovaj rad bavi, ili je pak predložena nova šema tipologije za određen vid oružja ili opreme. Treba imati u vidu da za pojedi- ne podkategorije nije bilo moguće dati predložak tipologije. Primarna analiza obuhvatila je tipološku i hronološku analizu, a u korelaciji sa prostornom i kontekstualnom dimenzijom otvorila su se brojna dodatna pitanja vezana i za po- tencijalne radionice i rudarske potencijale teritorije, trgovačke i komunikaci- one pravce. Tokom poznog bronzanog doba u tezi je konstatovana pojava mikenskog oružja i opreme iz oblasti Egeje i predloženi su putevi kontakata i komunikacija central- nobalkanskih zajednica sa mediteranskim centrima bronzanog doba toga vremena. Za prelazni period konstatovan je jak prodor centralnoevropskih tipova oružja u oblast Balkana, koji verovatno sugerišu prodor nosilaca Gava kompleksa ka jugu, gde je konstatovano njihovo, da tako kažemo, rasipanje i slabljenje, verovatno us- led geografskih datosti istraživane oblasti, ali su određeni primerci oružja ovog registrovani i na južnim obalama Jadranskog mora. Isto tako, registrovane su razlike između pridošlih kultura i autohtonih populacija u vidu korišćenja tipova ofanzivnog oružja, pa se tako mačevi izuzetno retko koriste na prostoru gde nalazimo bojne sekire i obrnuto. Najmanji broj nalaza pripisan je fazi 3, tako da za ovaj period (Ha C) nisu mogli da se donesu neki širi zaključci. Tokom faze 4 izdvojene su brojne pravilnosti, poput pojave tzv. skitskih strela sa severa i istoka, koje se različito upotrebljavaju u zavisnosti od plemenske pripadnosti, distribucije defanzivne opreme koju ne koriste sva paleobalkanska plemena, te distribucije određenih tipova mačeva i kopalja u zavisnosti od plemenske pri- padnosti. Isto tako, u određenim slučajevima primećeno je da se oružje koristi i duže od stoleća, ili da dolazi do prepravke ili popravljanja, a registrovane su i lokalne varijante nastale po stranim uzorima.
AB  - A study of the weapons and warrior equipment in the cultures of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age on the territories of the Central and South-east Balkans was not subject of a detailed study since the very beginnings of archeology in this areas. Some monographs were focused completely or partially on this question, but either the object selection was very narrow or the territory was very wide. The period covered by this work includes roughly one millennium, and it talks about Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, and a time frame between 1500/1450 BC and 450/425 years BC, i.e. Central European chronological phases from the beginning of the period Br C until the end of the period of Ha D. The aim of this thesis is to develop complex analysis of weapons and warrior equipment on the territories mentioned above, since previous works did not paid adequate attention to this subject, and because of the fact that so far these cases as a whole was not committed no synthetic monograph or less comprehensive publication. The initial methodological procedure was gathering materials from the studied areas that were already published, as well as by direct accessing to the inventory of museum collections, where possible and where such material was available. The introductory section provide basic information about geography, topography and geology of the studied territory, with the accent on metal ore deposits, which are important in the context of the production of weapons and war equipment. Also, detailed analysis was paid to natural and historical communications and roads on this territory, which are important because of possible breakage of certain cultures and because of transport/trade of certain types of weapons in the investigated period. The next chapter gives us precise and detailed chronological framework about archeological cultures included by the mentioned time and territory, and, at the end, it describes basic classes of weapons and warrior equipment, including detailed description and basic typology of the items in the catalog. The most extensive part of the work, the catalog of objects, includes 1000 items from the studied territory, followed by the description, illustration, context and condition of the objects, classified in phases of Late Bronze (phases 1 and 2) and Early Iron Age (phases 3 and 4), and then by the categories: defensive equipment (helmets, greaves, armors and shields), offensive weapons (axes, daggers, swords, spears and arrows) and specific findings (molds and stone grinding wheels). After collecting the items, the analysis of the data was accomplished, along with a separate analysis of findings through chronological periods and determination of their type and disposition, as well as possible connections with the known archaeological cultures or paleo-Balkan tribes. In this part of the thesis the typology scheme of weapons on this territory is proposed, which is either a compilation of already existing typological solutions for certain types of weapons and equipment that were the most complete and most effective way for the issues that this paper deals with, or a new typology scheme was proposed for a certain type of weapon or equipment. Attention shoud be paid that that some sub-categories were not possible to provide an adequate typology. The primary analysis included the typological and chronological analysis and, correlated with spatial and contextual dimension, it opened up many other questions about the potential for workshops and mining potential of the territory, as well as trade and communication routes. This thesis ascertains the emergence of Mycenaean weapons and equipment from Aegean area in the Late Bronze Age, and it proposes roads of contacts and communication of Central Balkan community centers with Mediterranean Bronze Age centers at that time. In the transitional period strong penetration of central-European types of weapons was recorded in the Balkan region. This probably suggests penetration of the holders of Gava complex to the south, where their scattering and attenuation was determined, probably due to geographic features of the researched area, although some examples of this weaponry were also found on the south Adriatic coast. Likewise, this theses registers the differences between non newcomers culture and indigenous populations through the use of types of offensive weapons, for example, the swords were very rarely used in the area where we find the numerous examples of axes and vice versa. The least amount of objects was attributed to the phase 3, so for this period (Ha C) we could not get some broader conclusions. As for the phase 4, many regularities were separated, such as the so called Scythian arrows from the north and east, which were used differently depending on tribal affiliation, distribution of the defensive equipment that was not used by all Paleobalkanic tribes, and distribution of certain types of swords and spears, depending on tribal affiliation. Also, in certain cases it is observed that the weapon was used for more than a century, that in some cases it was remodeled or repaired, and local variations made under the influences of foreign models were also registered.
PB  - Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet
T1  - Naoružanje i ratnička oprema u kulturama poznog bronzanog i starijeg gvozdenog doba na teritoriji Srbije, Makedonije, Crne Gore i Albanije
T1  - Weapons and warrior equipment in the cultures of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age on the territories of Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Albania
UR  - https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4268
UR  - t-4619
ER  - 
@phdthesis{
author = "Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2015",
abstract = "Proučavanje naoružanja i ratničke opreme u kulturama bronzanog i gvozdenog doba na teritoriji centralnog i jugoistočnog Balkana nije detaljnije proučavano još od osvita arheologije na ovim prostorima. Pojedine monografije ili njihovi delovi u svome fokusu imale su i ovo pitanje, ali se njime bavilo ili u uskom predmetnom kontekstu, ili pak u širokom prostornom kontekstu. Period koji je obuhvaćen ovim radom obuhvata otprilike jedan milenijum, a reč je o poznom bron- zanom i starijem gvozdenom dobu, odnosno o vremenu između 1500/1450. godine pre n.e. i 450/425. godine pre n.e., tj. srednjoevropske hronološke faze od početka pe- rioda Br C pa do kraja perioda Ha D. Ova teza imala je za cilj izradu kompleksne analize naoružanja i ratničke opreme na pomenutim prostorima, s obzirom na to da u dosadašnjim radovima toj problematici nije poklanjana adekvatna pažnja, i, da do sada ovim predmetima u celini nije posvećena ni jedna sintetska monogra- fija, ili manja celovita publikacija. Početni metodološki postupak bilo je sakupljanje već objavljene građe sa is- traživanog područja, ali i neposredni uvid u inventar muzejskih zbirki, tamo gde je to moguće i gde je takav materijal dosupan. U uvodnom delu dati su osnovni po- daci o geografiji, topografiji i geologiji razmatrane teritorije, sa naglaskom na rudnim ležištima metala, važnih u kontekstu proizvodnje oružja i ratničke op- reme. Takođe, detaljno su analizirane prirodne i istorijske komunikacije i puni pravci na ovoj teritoriji, važni zbog potencijalnih prodora određenih kultura i transporta/trgovine određenih tipova oružja u istraživanom periodu. U sledećem poglavlju precizirani su i definisani hronološki okviri teme, zatim arheološke kulture koje obuhvataju pomenuti period i teritoriju, dok su na kraju prikazane osnovne klase oružja i ratničke opreme sa detaljnim opisom primeraka i osnovnom tipologijom koja je korišćena u katalogu predmeta. Najobimniji deo rada svakako predstavlja katalog nalaza, u kojem su obrađeni svi odgovarajući predmeti, ukupno njih 1.000 sa proučavane teritorije uz tekstu- alni opis i ilustraciju, kontekst i uslove nalaza, a koji su klasifikovani po fa- zama u pozno bronzano doba (faze 1 i 2) i starije gvozdeno doba (faze 3 i 4), i dalje po celinama: defanzivna oprema (šlemovi, knemide, oklopi i štitovi), ofanzi- vno oružje (sekire, bodeži, mačevi, koplja i strele) i posebni nalazi (kalupi za livenje oružja i opreme i kameni brusevi). Nakon sakupljanja građe, izvršena je analiza podataka, paralelno sa pojedi- načnom analizom nalaza kroz hronološke periode i utvrđivanje njihovog tipa i dispozicije, kao i eventulne povezanosti sa tadašnjim arheološkim kulturama ili poznatim paleobalkanskim plemenima. U radu je predložena šema tipologije oružja za navedenu teritoriju, koja je ili kompilacija već postojećih tipoloških rešenja za određene vrste oružja i opreme koje su bile najkompletnije i najcelis- hodnije za problematiku kojim se ovaj rad bavi, ili je pak predložena nova šema tipologije za određen vid oružja ili opreme. Treba imati u vidu da za pojedi- ne podkategorije nije bilo moguće dati predložak tipologije. Primarna analiza obuhvatila je tipološku i hronološku analizu, a u korelaciji sa prostornom i kontekstualnom dimenzijom otvorila su se brojna dodatna pitanja vezana i za po- tencijalne radionice i rudarske potencijale teritorije, trgovačke i komunikaci- one pravce. Tokom poznog bronzanog doba u tezi je konstatovana pojava mikenskog oružja i opreme iz oblasti Egeje i predloženi su putevi kontakata i komunikacija central- nobalkanskih zajednica sa mediteranskim centrima bronzanog doba toga vremena. Za prelazni period konstatovan je jak prodor centralnoevropskih tipova oružja u oblast Balkana, koji verovatno sugerišu prodor nosilaca Gava kompleksa ka jugu, gde je konstatovano njihovo, da tako kažemo, rasipanje i slabljenje, verovatno us- led geografskih datosti istraživane oblasti, ali su određeni primerci oružja ovog registrovani i na južnim obalama Jadranskog mora. Isto tako, registrovane su razlike između pridošlih kultura i autohtonih populacija u vidu korišćenja tipova ofanzivnog oružja, pa se tako mačevi izuzetno retko koriste na prostoru gde nalazimo bojne sekire i obrnuto. Najmanji broj nalaza pripisan je fazi 3, tako da za ovaj period (Ha C) nisu mogli da se donesu neki širi zaključci. Tokom faze 4 izdvojene su brojne pravilnosti, poput pojave tzv. skitskih strela sa severa i istoka, koje se različito upotrebljavaju u zavisnosti od plemenske pripadnosti, distribucije defanzivne opreme koju ne koriste sva paleobalkanska plemena, te distribucije određenih tipova mačeva i kopalja u zavisnosti od plemenske pri- padnosti. Isto tako, u određenim slučajevima primećeno je da se oružje koristi i duže od stoleća, ili da dolazi do prepravke ili popravljanja, a registrovane su i lokalne varijante nastale po stranim uzorima., A study of the weapons and warrior equipment in the cultures of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age on the territories of the Central and South-east Balkans was not subject of a detailed study since the very beginnings of archeology in this areas. Some monographs were focused completely or partially on this question, but either the object selection was very narrow or the territory was very wide. The period covered by this work includes roughly one millennium, and it talks about Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, and a time frame between 1500/1450 BC and 450/425 years BC, i.e. Central European chronological phases from the beginning of the period Br C until the end of the period of Ha D. The aim of this thesis is to develop complex analysis of weapons and warrior equipment on the territories mentioned above, since previous works did not paid adequate attention to this subject, and because of the fact that so far these cases as a whole was not committed no synthetic monograph or less comprehensive publication. The initial methodological procedure was gathering materials from the studied areas that were already published, as well as by direct accessing to the inventory of museum collections, where possible and where such material was available. The introductory section provide basic information about geography, topography and geology of the studied territory, with the accent on metal ore deposits, which are important in the context of the production of weapons and war equipment. Also, detailed analysis was paid to natural and historical communications and roads on this territory, which are important because of possible breakage of certain cultures and because of transport/trade of certain types of weapons in the investigated period. The next chapter gives us precise and detailed chronological framework about archeological cultures included by the mentioned time and territory, and, at the end, it describes basic classes of weapons and warrior equipment, including detailed description and basic typology of the items in the catalog. The most extensive part of the work, the catalog of objects, includes 1000 items from the studied territory, followed by the description, illustration, context and condition of the objects, classified in phases of Late Bronze (phases 1 and 2) and Early Iron Age (phases 3 and 4), and then by the categories: defensive equipment (helmets, greaves, armors and shields), offensive weapons (axes, daggers, swords, spears and arrows) and specific findings (molds and stone grinding wheels). After collecting the items, the analysis of the data was accomplished, along with a separate analysis of findings through chronological periods and determination of their type and disposition, as well as possible connections with the known archaeological cultures or paleo-Balkan tribes. In this part of the thesis the typology scheme of weapons on this territory is proposed, which is either a compilation of already existing typological solutions for certain types of weapons and equipment that were the most complete and most effective way for the issues that this paper deals with, or a new typology scheme was proposed for a certain type of weapon or equipment. Attention shoud be paid that that some sub-categories were not possible to provide an adequate typology. The primary analysis included the typological and chronological analysis and, correlated with spatial and contextual dimension, it opened up many other questions about the potential for workshops and mining potential of the territory, as well as trade and communication routes. This thesis ascertains the emergence of Mycenaean weapons and equipment from Aegean area in the Late Bronze Age, and it proposes roads of contacts and communication of Central Balkan community centers with Mediterranean Bronze Age centers at that time. In the transitional period strong penetration of central-European types of weapons was recorded in the Balkan region. This probably suggests penetration of the holders of Gava complex to the south, where their scattering and attenuation was determined, probably due to geographic features of the researched area, although some examples of this weaponry were also found on the south Adriatic coast. Likewise, this theses registers the differences between non newcomers culture and indigenous populations through the use of types of offensive weapons, for example, the swords were very rarely used in the area where we find the numerous examples of axes and vice versa. The least amount of objects was attributed to the phase 3, so for this period (Ha C) we could not get some broader conclusions. As for the phase 4, many regularities were separated, such as the so called Scythian arrows from the north and east, which were used differently depending on tribal affiliation, distribution of the defensive equipment that was not used by all Paleobalkanic tribes, and distribution of certain types of swords and spears, depending on tribal affiliation. Also, in certain cases it is observed that the weapon was used for more than a century, that in some cases it was remodeled or repaired, and local variations made under the influences of foreign models were also registered.",
publisher = "Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet",
title = "Naoružanje i ratnička oprema u kulturama poznog bronzanog i starijeg gvozdenog doba na teritoriji Srbije, Makedonije, Crne Gore i Albanije, Weapons and warrior equipment in the cultures of the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age on the territories of Serbia, Macedonia, Montenegro and Albania",
url = "https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4268, t-4619"
}
Filipović, V.. (2015). Naoružanje i ratnička oprema u kulturama poznog bronzanog i starijeg gvozdenog doba na teritoriji Srbije, Makedonije, Crne Gore i Albanije. 
Univerzitet u Beogradu, Filozofski fakultet..
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4268
Filipović V. Naoružanje i ratnička oprema u kulturama poznog bronzanog i starijeg gvozdenog doba na teritoriji Srbije, Makedonije, Crne Gore i Albanije. 2015;.
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4268 .
Filipović, Vojislav, "Naoružanje i ratnička oprema u kulturama poznog bronzanog i starijeg gvozdenog doba na teritoriji Srbije, Makedonije, Crne Gore i Albanije" (2015),
https://hdl.handle.net/21.15107/rcub_nardus_4268 .

Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations as a Possible Cause of Endocranial Bone Lesions and Associated Neurological Disorder

Janovic, A.; Milovanović, P.; Sopta, J.; Rakočević, Z.; Filipović, Vojislav; Nenezić, D.; Đurić, M.

(Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Janovic, A.
AU  - Milovanović, P.
AU  - Sopta, J.
AU  - Rakočević, Z.
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Nenezić, D.
AU  - Đurić, M.
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/237
AB  - Endocranial bone lesions have attracted intensive scientific debate on their aetiology. In recent literature, the lesions were almost exclusively interpreted as of infectious origin. In this paper, we give new insight into the aetiology of endocranial lesions, distinguishing the lesions of vascular origin from those caused by tuberculosis or other conditions. The analysis is based on a rare case of a young female individual who displayed multiple endocranial lesions with serpens endocrania symmetrica' morphology. The lesions were associated with an uncommon branching pattern of the middle meningeal artery and marked side differences in teeth pathology. Postcranial skeleton showed signs of the left upper limb weakness. The macroscopic finding of the endocranial lesions along with the skeletal evidence of neurological damage, together with characteristic radiological and histological features, can lead to diagnosis of arteriovenous malformations. This study aims to improve understanding of the aetiology of endocranial bone lesions.
PB  - Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken
T2  - International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
T1  - Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations as a Possible Cause of Endocranial Bone Lesions and Associated Neurological Disorder
EP  - 97
IS  - 1
SP  - 88
VL  - 25
DO  - 10.1002/oa.2266
UR  - conv_396
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Janovic, A. and Milovanović, P. and Sopta, J. and Rakočević, Z. and Filipović, Vojislav and Nenezić, D. and Đurić, M.",
year = "2015",
abstract = "Endocranial bone lesions have attracted intensive scientific debate on their aetiology. In recent literature, the lesions were almost exclusively interpreted as of infectious origin. In this paper, we give new insight into the aetiology of endocranial lesions, distinguishing the lesions of vascular origin from those caused by tuberculosis or other conditions. The analysis is based on a rare case of a young female individual who displayed multiple endocranial lesions with serpens endocrania symmetrica' morphology. The lesions were associated with an uncommon branching pattern of the middle meningeal artery and marked side differences in teeth pathology. Postcranial skeleton showed signs of the left upper limb weakness. The macroscopic finding of the endocranial lesions along with the skeletal evidence of neurological damage, together with characteristic radiological and histological features, can lead to diagnosis of arteriovenous malformations. This study aims to improve understanding of the aetiology of endocranial bone lesions.",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken",
journal = "International Journal of Osteoarchaeology",
title = "Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations as a Possible Cause of Endocranial Bone Lesions and Associated Neurological Disorder",
pages = "97-88",
number = "1",
volume = "25",
doi = "10.1002/oa.2266",
url = "conv_396"
}
Janovic, A., Milovanović, P., Sopta, J., Rakočević, Z., Filipović, V., Nenezić, D.,& Đurić, M.. (2015). Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations as a Possible Cause of Endocranial Bone Lesions and Associated Neurological Disorder. in International Journal of Osteoarchaeology
Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken., 25(1), 88-97.
https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2266
conv_396
Janovic A, Milovanović P, Sopta J, Rakočević Z, Filipović V, Nenezić D, Đurić M. Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations as a Possible Cause of Endocranial Bone Lesions and Associated Neurological Disorder. in International Journal of Osteoarchaeology. 2015;25(1):88-97.
doi:10.1002/oa.2266
conv_396 .
Janovic, A., Milovanović, P., Sopta, J., Rakočević, Z., Filipović, Vojislav, Nenezić, D., Đurić, M., "Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations as a Possible Cause of Endocranial Bone Lesions and Associated Neurological Disorder" in International Journal of Osteoarchaeology, 25, no. 1 (2015):88-97,
https://doi.org/10.1002/oa.2266 .,
conv_396 .
7
3
8

Scythian influences in the Central Balkan Region in the early Iron Age

Filipović, Vojislav

(High Anthropological School University, 2015)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2015
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/227
AB  - There are not many objects in the Central Balkan area that could point to the Scythian influences during 6th and 4th century BC. Bronze arrowheads are the most frequent type of objects of Scythian origin in this area, and it seems that they appear at the end of the 7th century BC. Till nowadays, we registered around 100 arrowheads of this type. We have only 3 bronze zoomorphic-formed decorative plates that indicate Pontic origin and eastern provenience, but unlike arows and horse-bits, all of them point to 5th and early 4th century BC. Horse-bits and snaffles appear in the central Balkan region very early, at the end of 7th century BC, and we can connect them with the Szentes-Verkerzug type of horse-bits with zoomorphic ends. After that, horse-bits of the later Szentes-Verkerzug type still appear in this region, during the 6th and 5th century BC. Their appearance could be connected with the middle Danube and Tisza basins. Later horse-bits are connected with the eastern influences and the lower Danube region as well as the Black Sea, and they point to 5th century BC.
PB  - High Anthropological School University
T2  - Stratum Plus
T1  - Scythian influences in the Central Balkan Region in the early Iron Age
EP  - 97
IS  - 3
SP  - 89
UR  - conv_566
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2015",
abstract = "There are not many objects in the Central Balkan area that could point to the Scythian influences during 6th and 4th century BC. Bronze arrowheads are the most frequent type of objects of Scythian origin in this area, and it seems that they appear at the end of the 7th century BC. Till nowadays, we registered around 100 arrowheads of this type. We have only 3 bronze zoomorphic-formed decorative plates that indicate Pontic origin and eastern provenience, but unlike arows and horse-bits, all of them point to 5th and early 4th century BC. Horse-bits and snaffles appear in the central Balkan region very early, at the end of 7th century BC, and we can connect them with the Szentes-Verkerzug type of horse-bits with zoomorphic ends. After that, horse-bits of the later Szentes-Verkerzug type still appear in this region, during the 6th and 5th century BC. Their appearance could be connected with the middle Danube and Tisza basins. Later horse-bits are connected with the eastern influences and the lower Danube region as well as the Black Sea, and they point to 5th century BC.",
publisher = "High Anthropological School University",
journal = "Stratum Plus",
title = "Scythian influences in the Central Balkan Region in the early Iron Age",
pages = "97-89",
number = "3",
url = "conv_566"
}
Filipović, V.. (2015). Scythian influences in the Central Balkan Region in the early Iron Age. in Stratum Plus
High Anthropological School University.(3), 89-97.
conv_566
Filipović V. Scythian influences in the Central Balkan Region in the early Iron Age. in Stratum Plus. 2015;(3):89-97.
conv_566 .
Filipović, Vojislav, "Scythian influences in the Central Balkan Region in the early Iron Age" in Stratum Plus, no. 3 (2015):89-97,
conv_566 .

Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age

Huska, A.; Powell, Wayne; Mitrović, S.; Bankoff, Arthur H.; Bulatović, Aleksandar; Filipović, Vojislav; Boger, R.

(Wiley, Hoboken, 2014)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Huska, A.
AU  - Powell, Wayne
AU  - Mitrović, S.
AU  - Bankoff, Arthur H.
AU  - Bulatović, Aleksandar
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
AU  - Boger, R.
PY  - 2014
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/206
AB  - Tin is a rare metal that is essential for making bronze, the defining technology of the Bronze Age. The source(s) of tin for Aegean bronze is undetermined but several small Bronze Age tin mines have been documented in the circum-Aegean region. The discovery of Bronze Age archaeological sites in West Serbia near a tin placer deposit on the flanks of Mt. Cer led to an investigation of this site as a potential additional Bronze Age tin mine in the region. Geochemical prospecting of stream sediments flowing from Mt. Cer allowed for categorization of streams based on relative tin grade. Tin grade is highest in the Milinska River, a likely combination of a broad catchment area with multiple ore-bearing tributaries, and a topographic profile that favors the accumulation of placer deposits. A survey of cornfields along the southern pluton margin discovered archaeological sites spanning the Neolithic to the Iron Age. Unlike older and younger sites, those of the Bronze Age were found only along the Milinska and Cernica Rivers where placer tin grades are highest, but appear to be absent where tin is scarce or absent. This suggests that these sites were associated with the exploitation of the tin ore.
PB  - Wiley, Hoboken
T2  - Geoarchaeology-An International Journal
T1  - Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age
EP  - 493
IS  - 6
SP  - 477
VL  - 29
DO  - 10.1002/gea.21488
UR  - conv_373
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Huska, A. and Powell, Wayne and Mitrović, S. and Bankoff, Arthur H. and Bulatović, Aleksandar and Filipović, Vojislav and Boger, R.",
year = "2014",
abstract = "Tin is a rare metal that is essential for making bronze, the defining technology of the Bronze Age. The source(s) of tin for Aegean bronze is undetermined but several small Bronze Age tin mines have been documented in the circum-Aegean region. The discovery of Bronze Age archaeological sites in West Serbia near a tin placer deposit on the flanks of Mt. Cer led to an investigation of this site as a potential additional Bronze Age tin mine in the region. Geochemical prospecting of stream sediments flowing from Mt. Cer allowed for categorization of streams based on relative tin grade. Tin grade is highest in the Milinska River, a likely combination of a broad catchment area with multiple ore-bearing tributaries, and a topographic profile that favors the accumulation of placer deposits. A survey of cornfields along the southern pluton margin discovered archaeological sites spanning the Neolithic to the Iron Age. Unlike older and younger sites, those of the Bronze Age were found only along the Milinska and Cernica Rivers where placer tin grades are highest, but appear to be absent where tin is scarce or absent. This suggests that these sites were associated with the exploitation of the tin ore.",
publisher = "Wiley, Hoboken",
journal = "Geoarchaeology-An International Journal",
title = "Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age",
pages = "493-477",
number = "6",
volume = "29",
doi = "10.1002/gea.21488",
url = "conv_373"
}
Huska, A., Powell, W., Mitrović, S., Bankoff, A. H., Bulatović, A., Filipović, V.,& Boger, R.. (2014). Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age. in Geoarchaeology-An International Journal
Wiley, Hoboken., 29(6), 477-493.
https://doi.org/10.1002/gea.21488
conv_373
Huska A, Powell W, Mitrović S, Bankoff AH, Bulatović A, Filipović V, Boger R. Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age. in Geoarchaeology-An International Journal. 2014;29(6):477-493.
doi:10.1002/gea.21488
conv_373 .
Huska, A., Powell, Wayne, Mitrović, S., Bankoff, Arthur H., Bulatović, Aleksandar, Filipović, Vojislav, Boger, R., "Placer Tin Ores from Mt. Cer, West Serbia, and Their Potential Exploitation during the Bronze Age" in Geoarchaeology-An International Journal, 29, no. 6 (2014):477-493,
https://doi.org/10.1002/gea.21488 .,
conv_373 .
10
4
13

Epigraphic and archaeological evidence contributing to identifying the location and character of Timacum Maius

Petrović, Vladimir P.; Filipović, Vojislav

(Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd, 2013)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Petrović, Vladimir P.
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2013
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/203
AB  - Systematic archaeological excavation in the area of the village of Niševac near Svrljig, southeast Serbia, of a Roman settlement site, possibly Timacum Maius station on the main Roman road Lissus-Naissus-Ratiaria connecting the Adriatic and the Danube, has been going on for five years. Epigraphic and etymological analysis of an inscription dedicated to Hera Sonketene (dat. Hρα Σονκητηνη) provides evidence for the possible balneological character of the entire area of Timacum Maius, which was geomorphologically similar to and connected by a road network with the Thracian region of Denteletika centred on Pautalia, where the dedicant, Tiberius Claudius Theopompus served as strategos. The archaeological evidence complements the conclusions suggested by the epigraphic material. The recently discovered secondcentury Roman structure furnished with a hypocaust system using perforated circular- sectioned pebble-filled ceramic tubuli for heating the floors and outer walls of the building may have served a balneal purpose. A sizeable Roman bathhouse, with remains of two pools and two rooms with a hypocaust and ceramic tubuli, has also been partially explored. In the broader area of Svrljig Valley (near the village of Prekonoga), a luxurious Roman villa with a marble hexagon, numerous rooms and a bath, recently subjected to a rescue excavation, has been completely cleared and recorded. The first geophysical survey on the Timacum Maius site has also been undertaken.
PB  - Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Balcanica
T1  - Epigraphic and archaeological evidence contributing to identifying the location and character of Timacum Maius
EP  - 49
IS  - 44
SP  - 35
DO  - 10.2298/BALC1344035P
UR  - conv_708
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Petrović, Vladimir P. and Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2013",
abstract = "Systematic archaeological excavation in the area of the village of Niševac near Svrljig, southeast Serbia, of a Roman settlement site, possibly Timacum Maius station on the main Roman road Lissus-Naissus-Ratiaria connecting the Adriatic and the Danube, has been going on for five years. Epigraphic and etymological analysis of an inscription dedicated to Hera Sonketene (dat. Hρα Σονκητηνη) provides evidence for the possible balneological character of the entire area of Timacum Maius, which was geomorphologically similar to and connected by a road network with the Thracian region of Denteletika centred on Pautalia, where the dedicant, Tiberius Claudius Theopompus served as strategos. The archaeological evidence complements the conclusions suggested by the epigraphic material. The recently discovered secondcentury Roman structure furnished with a hypocaust system using perforated circular- sectioned pebble-filled ceramic tubuli for heating the floors and outer walls of the building may have served a balneal purpose. A sizeable Roman bathhouse, with remains of two pools and two rooms with a hypocaust and ceramic tubuli, has also been partially explored. In the broader area of Svrljig Valley (near the village of Prekonoga), a luxurious Roman villa with a marble hexagon, numerous rooms and a bath, recently subjected to a rescue excavation, has been completely cleared and recorded. The first geophysical survey on the Timacum Maius site has also been undertaken.",
publisher = "Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Balcanica",
title = "Epigraphic and archaeological evidence contributing to identifying the location and character of Timacum Maius",
pages = "49-35",
number = "44",
doi = "10.2298/BALC1344035P",
url = "conv_708"
}
Petrović, V. P.,& Filipović, V.. (2013). Epigraphic and archaeological evidence contributing to identifying the location and character of Timacum Maius. in Balcanica
Srpska akademija nauka i umetnosti SANU - Balkanološki institut, Beograd.(44), 35-49.
https://doi.org/10.2298/BALC1344035P
conv_708
Petrović VP, Filipović V. Epigraphic and archaeological evidence contributing to identifying the location and character of Timacum Maius. in Balcanica. 2013;(44):35-49.
doi:10.2298/BALC1344035P
conv_708 .
Petrović, Vladimir P., Filipović, Vojislav, "Epigraphic and archaeological evidence contributing to identifying the location and character of Timacum Maius" in Balcanica, no. 44 (2013):35-49,
https://doi.org/10.2298/BALC1344035P .,
conv_708 .
3
1

Grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba iz okoline Svrljiga

Filipović, Vojislav

(Arheološki institut, Beograd, 2013)

TY  - JOUR
AU  - Filipović, Vojislav
PY  - 2013
UR  - http://rai.ai.ac.rs/handle/123456789/202
AB  - Godine 2005. u blizini Svrljiga slučajno je otkrivena grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba koja je sadržala bronzani kompozitni ažurirani pojas, luk bimetalne fibule, zvonasti privezak, fragmente gvozdenog mača i žvala. Od posebne važnosti je kompozitni ažurirani pojas, sastavljen od pravougaonih članaka i kružnih delova u obliku točka sa četiri paoca, imajući u vidu činjenicu da su do sada bili poznati samo nalazi kompozitnih pojaseva rađeni u kombinaciji pojasnog članka i salteleona. Isto tako, na pojasu iz Kalnice se po prvi put javljaju poluelipsasti proboji, a ne samo trougaoni, što je inače glavna karakteristika ovih pojaseva. Celokupan nalaz hronološki se može opredeliti na kraj VII i početak VI veka p.n.e, tj. u Ha C2/D1 srednjoevropske periodizacije ili horizont 2 po R. Vasiću.
AB  - In 2005, a group of objects was ploughed up, comprising a bronze openwork belt, bronze belt parts in the form of a four-spoked wheel, a bronze bell-shaped pendant, the arc of a bimetal fibula, fragment(s) of an iron sword, and part(s) of a horse's iron bit, at the Kalnica site in the village of Niševac. According to the finder, while ploughing a field, his plough dug up several larger slab-shaped stones, beneath which were found the above objects, as well as fragments of human bones. The most important finds from the Kalnica grave are three parts of a bronze openwork belt (fig. 3a-c) and three bronze belt parts in the form of a four-spoked wheel. According to the finder, the belt was composed of three more belt links, two or three parts in the form of a wheel, and a final segment with a larger round buckle. The links of the belt were cast, with dimensions of 4.2-4.3 cm (length), 2-2.1 cm (height) and 0.6-0.7 cm (width). All three links were made in the same mold, after which they were decorated with perforations, incisions, and points in an identical manner. The circular bronze parts of the belt in the shape of a four-spoked wheel (fig. 3d-f) were cast, with a diametar of 2-2.1 cm, and their height precisely matches the links of the belt. All three circular parts were made in the same mold and then decorated with perforations, incisions, and points. One more item from this group of finds that probably belongs to the belt collection, is a bronze bell-shaped pendant (fig. 4/a), with a height of 4 cm and a diameter of 1.7-1.8 cm. A larger arc of a bimetal fibula was discovered in the grave, with its foot in the shape of an hourglass. The arc is 5.5 cm in width, decorated with dense small ribs. Part of a damaged horse's iron bit 11 x 4.3 cm in dimension was also found in the grave (fig. 4/c). The last find in this collection comprises part of a bent single-bladed iron sword, 11.9 x 4.4 cm (fig. 4/d). In this kind of bent sword, a so-called T end is usually found at the end of the handle/hilt, so we suppose that this sword had such an end. Bearing in mind the chronological classification of all finds from this destroyed grave (fig. 5), the openwork belt from Kalnica could be dated to the end of the VII or the very beginning of the VI centuries BC at the earliest. Such dating in principle agrees with the Ha C2/D1 central-European period, i.e. horizontal 2 according to R. Vasić, since other finds of openwork belts were dated to this period by the same author. Nevertheless, the type II iron bit does raise a slight doubt regarding the dating of the Kalnica belt, since according to M. Werner such belts were dominant in the Ha D2/3 period, i.e. at the end of the first half of the Vth century BC. The find of the composite belt from Kalnica raises several interesting observations. Firstly, the belt differs from most examples previously discovered on the territory of south-eastern Europe in that most belt link sets were formed in the shape of a square, with less frequent deviation regarding link dimensions, while those of the belt from Kalnica are relatively elongated. Links similar to the Kalnica elongated links have only be discovered in north Macedonia and in grave 5 of tumulus I in the Kenete site in Albania. The difference in the decoration of the belt from Kalnica compared with other belts is interesting. They are decorated with pierced triangles and perforated concentric circles, with a central point, repeated in countless combinations. Half-elliptical perforations appear for the first time on the belt from Kalnica, to some extent inexpertly carried out. Openwork belts have been discovered throughout the territory between the Timok river in Serbia and the Isker in Bulgaria, although according to recently published finds from the Trojan region in Bulgaria, that area could be extended eastward to the Rosica river. Outside these territories, more significant groupings are visible in the Vardar valley in Macedonia, as well as in an early Iron Age necropolis in the Donja dolina in northern Bosnia. The production center of these belts is connected with the Zlot group (Zlot-Sofronijevo), or with the Triballi tribe, but it could be said that in the VII and VI centuries BC such belts were also worn among their neighbors.
PB  - Arheološki institut, Beograd
T2  - Starinar
T1  - Grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba iz okoline Svrljiga
T1  - Early iron age burial complex from the Svrljig area
EP  - 218
IS  - 63
SP  - 209
DO  - 10.2298/STA1363209F
UR  - conv_713
ER  - 
@article{
author = "Filipović, Vojislav",
year = "2013",
abstract = "Godine 2005. u blizini Svrljiga slučajno je otkrivena grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba koja je sadržala bronzani kompozitni ažurirani pojas, luk bimetalne fibule, zvonasti privezak, fragmente gvozdenog mača i žvala. Od posebne važnosti je kompozitni ažurirani pojas, sastavljen od pravougaonih članaka i kružnih delova u obliku točka sa četiri paoca, imajući u vidu činjenicu da su do sada bili poznati samo nalazi kompozitnih pojaseva rađeni u kombinaciji pojasnog članka i salteleona. Isto tako, na pojasu iz Kalnice se po prvi put javljaju poluelipsasti proboji, a ne samo trougaoni, što je inače glavna karakteristika ovih pojaseva. Celokupan nalaz hronološki se može opredeliti na kraj VII i početak VI veka p.n.e, tj. u Ha C2/D1 srednjoevropske periodizacije ili horizont 2 po R. Vasiću., In 2005, a group of objects was ploughed up, comprising a bronze openwork belt, bronze belt parts in the form of a four-spoked wheel, a bronze bell-shaped pendant, the arc of a bimetal fibula, fragment(s) of an iron sword, and part(s) of a horse's iron bit, at the Kalnica site in the village of Niševac. According to the finder, while ploughing a field, his plough dug up several larger slab-shaped stones, beneath which were found the above objects, as well as fragments of human bones. The most important finds from the Kalnica grave are three parts of a bronze openwork belt (fig. 3a-c) and three bronze belt parts in the form of a four-spoked wheel. According to the finder, the belt was composed of three more belt links, two or three parts in the form of a wheel, and a final segment with a larger round buckle. The links of the belt were cast, with dimensions of 4.2-4.3 cm (length), 2-2.1 cm (height) and 0.6-0.7 cm (width). All three links were made in the same mold, after which they were decorated with perforations, incisions, and points in an identical manner. The circular bronze parts of the belt in the shape of a four-spoked wheel (fig. 3d-f) were cast, with a diametar of 2-2.1 cm, and their height precisely matches the links of the belt. All three circular parts were made in the same mold and then decorated with perforations, incisions, and points. One more item from this group of finds that probably belongs to the belt collection, is a bronze bell-shaped pendant (fig. 4/a), with a height of 4 cm and a diameter of 1.7-1.8 cm. A larger arc of a bimetal fibula was discovered in the grave, with its foot in the shape of an hourglass. The arc is 5.5 cm in width, decorated with dense small ribs. Part of a damaged horse's iron bit 11 x 4.3 cm in dimension was also found in the grave (fig. 4/c). The last find in this collection comprises part of a bent single-bladed iron sword, 11.9 x 4.4 cm (fig. 4/d). In this kind of bent sword, a so-called T end is usually found at the end of the handle/hilt, so we suppose that this sword had such an end. Bearing in mind the chronological classification of all finds from this destroyed grave (fig. 5), the openwork belt from Kalnica could be dated to the end of the VII or the very beginning of the VI centuries BC at the earliest. Such dating in principle agrees with the Ha C2/D1 central-European period, i.e. horizontal 2 according to R. Vasić, since other finds of openwork belts were dated to this period by the same author. Nevertheless, the type II iron bit does raise a slight doubt regarding the dating of the Kalnica belt, since according to M. Werner such belts were dominant in the Ha D2/3 period, i.e. at the end of the first half of the Vth century BC. The find of the composite belt from Kalnica raises several interesting observations. Firstly, the belt differs from most examples previously discovered on the territory of south-eastern Europe in that most belt link sets were formed in the shape of a square, with less frequent deviation regarding link dimensions, while those of the belt from Kalnica are relatively elongated. Links similar to the Kalnica elongated links have only be discovered in north Macedonia and in grave 5 of tumulus I in the Kenete site in Albania. The difference in the decoration of the belt from Kalnica compared with other belts is interesting. They are decorated with pierced triangles and perforated concentric circles, with a central point, repeated in countless combinations. Half-elliptical perforations appear for the first time on the belt from Kalnica, to some extent inexpertly carried out. Openwork belts have been discovered throughout the territory between the Timok river in Serbia and the Isker in Bulgaria, although according to recently published finds from the Trojan region in Bulgaria, that area could be extended eastward to the Rosica river. Outside these territories, more significant groupings are visible in the Vardar valley in Macedonia, as well as in an early Iron Age necropolis in the Donja dolina in northern Bosnia. The production center of these belts is connected with the Zlot group (Zlot-Sofronijevo), or with the Triballi tribe, but it could be said that in the VII and VI centuries BC such belts were also worn among their neighbors.",
publisher = "Arheološki institut, Beograd",
journal = "Starinar",
title = "Grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba iz okoline Svrljiga, Early iron age burial complex from the Svrljig area",
pages = "218-209",
number = "63",
doi = "10.2298/STA1363209F",
url = "conv_713"
}
Filipović, V.. (2013). Grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba iz okoline Svrljiga. in Starinar
Arheološki institut, Beograd.(63), 209-218.
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA1363209F
conv_713
Filipović V. Grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba iz okoline Svrljiga. in Starinar. 2013;(63):209-218.
doi:10.2298/STA1363209F
conv_713 .
Filipović, Vojislav, "Grobna celina iz starijeg gvozdenog doba iz okoline Svrljiga" in Starinar, no. 63 (2013):209-218,
https://doi.org/10.2298/STA1363209F .,
conv_713 .